United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Administrator Andrew R. Wheeler this week addressed members of the Institute of Scrap Recycling Industries (ISRI) to discuss key issues related to the industry.
Award-winning entrepreneur and Steinert collaboration to make closed-loop IBA recovery a reality
Non-ferrous sorting key for efficient recovery of incinerator bottom ash
Ejvind Pedersen is a prominent figure in the global industry that supplies resources into the automotive sector. As CEO of Scanmetals S/A in Denmark, his company's specialties include turning incineration bottom ash (IBA) into pure metal fractions that reach primary raw material quality.
Pedersen's father moved to Africa in the 1960s - a decision that made him what he is today, he is convinced. It is the ability to take risks, to leave a safe environment like Denmark and seek opportunities and experiences around the world. After school and back in Copenhagen, he joined a company in the resource industry that had factories in South America. After some years living in Venezuela, Bolivia, Columbia, Peru, as a technical manager for six plants (and built two aluminium smelters to melt used beverage cans (UBC)), he and his family eventually returned to Denmark for his children to receive their education.
Driven by a vision, taught by failure
The young Pedersen was not proud of what he witnessed the South American industries doing to the environment and its people during his time there. He then set out to find a high-end technology solution for better recovery of resources. His emphasis was on metal processing and reusability, to reduce carbon footprint and the impact of hazardous waste.
In 1989, Ejvind built a plant for melting cans in Denmark, investing eight million Euro. Due to the fall of the Berlin wall, cheap metal overstocked the market and 3 years later he went bankrupt. "I lost everything", he remembers.
Starting anew with just two
In 2002 Pedersen started ‘from scratch' and built the company Scanmetals, as we know it today. "Sue and I (his first employee and still in the company) started by handpicking non-ferrous metals in clean material to gain higher value. Believing in his ideas, the entrepreneur finally came back to success. The 2008 financial crisis did affect the company, however this time his persistence and determination pushed him onwards.
"STEINERT was there to help when I needed a solution and they rented me their x-ray (XRT) sorting machine to produce clean aluminium products", Ejvind explains. This was the start to his financial independence which gave him the opportunity to expand his idea throughout Europe. Today, because of Ejvind's success, there are now many different sorting plants that exist which are used for upgrading IBA into primary resources.
It is all about those fine non-ferrous metals
Ejvind says that six years ago no one believed in the potential of small particles in the incineration bottom ash. "We produce 4 truckloads of aluminium every day", he points out, "one can imagine that the resource hungry industry is waiting for it!" A significant fact is that these industries do not need to source from primary mining. This can improve on their sustainability report by using high quality secondary raw material.
The biggest incinerator in Copenhagen produces about 240,000 tons of bottom ash per year. "We see that approximately 20% of the waste that goes into an incinerator ends up as bottom ash. Within this bottom ash, 2% is metal - pieces that range from 1-100 mm." At the incinerator, eddy current separation can lift the value in the bottom ash from 2% up to 50-60%. This 50-60% of treated bottom ash is available on the market for sale (approx. 1,000 Euro per ton). "This means we pay 2,000 Euro for 1 ton of metals. The small pieces are important to me."
Closed-loop production with STEINERT's accurate separation and sorting technology
Ejvind's focus is on aluminium and the high-end quality metals acquired from secondary smelters. He invests in the technology for the removal and reduction of free heavy metals and aluminium alloys. The process starts with a non-ferrous metal separator for the ZORBA-recovery from the IBA material, followed by the induction sorting system, which extracts stainless steel in the next step.
STEINERT XSS T (X-ray transmission) produces very clean aluminium by sorting out heavy metals and high-alloyed aluminium. The sorter detects so accurately that it creates a product quality of 99.9% pure aluminium.
The STEINERT KSS FLI XF (X-ray fluorescence) is state-of-the-art solution for the separation of the heavy metals into copper, brass, zinc and precious metals. More than 97% purity of heavy metal products have been achieved.
Customers e.g. aluminium smelters, produce beverage cans from almost 100% of Scanmetals' production of that type of aluminium. Here, the closed-loop approach gets real. In the production of beverage cans, producers have to take pure, new aluminium from mines. Ejvind's customers are very satisfied with Scanmetals' recovered resources quality so much so they do not need to buy aluminium from the mines (primary aluminium); it is a real win-win situation because the buyer can also improve their sustainability rates. Also note that recovered aluminium can also be recycled up to 10 times without losing its quality.
"As reliable and efficient as a German car"
Scanmetals is comfortable in the knowledge it can source all its magnetic and sensor sorting solutions from one partner. That includes the non-ferrous metal separators, induction sorting, XRT and XRF - essentially making life easier and allowing for more productive time to be spent on new recovery ideas.
"Put it this way", Ejvind says, "There is no doubt that German cars are the best in the world. That is a fact", he states. "I would put STEINERT on the same platform - efficient like a German Audi, reliable like a German Volkswagen. All my production people trust them. The machines are easy to handle and all the technical components are easy to understand and use."
Not only is material quality the key to success, but also the delivery time of the resources - "just in time". This makes reliable machinery a crucial factor for material recovery success. When the company supplies aluminium to smelters - delivering to brands such as BMW "just in time" - Scanmetals need to deliver on time too. Ejvind Pedersen has tailored his business in accordance to his customer's needs and market demands.
Down time is a critical situation. "If we would be late, another supplier would be preferred. But we have very little downtime", Ejvind admits, "The Service department of STEINERT is highly educated and helps us right away."
At the EY Entrepreneur of the year 2018 awards ceremony, Ernst & Young awarded Ejvind Pedersen with the prize for "Innovation". This was for his contribution to the industry via impressive business growth rates, innovative strength and social commitment.
During his acceptance speech, again, Ejvind took a chance. He asked if somebody would invest in his idea, to bring his idea to the world by creating jobs that save resources. "I learned from mistakes. I made a business that is so strong and a new idea that has a lot of future. I always had challenges, I always had possibility and I succeeded. That gave me confidence."
Asking what is special about this prize, he says, "Being recognized for my work. I felt I achieved something in life. They saw the ideas I have and that I can make them come true. That is also what the prize means: "Being an entrepreneur".
One week after the award, Ejvind succeeded again. The family of Lego called and came on board. They trusted in his ideas and plan to invest for expansion of his next projects in Europe - so that the material continues to stay in the loop.
More from Metals Recycling
Eriez P-Rex rare earth scrap drums provide 50 percent greater recovery of ferrous from bottom ash for Covanta
Engineers at Covanta, one of the world's largest owners and operators of facilities dedicated to recovering energy from waste, reported an immediate 50 percent improvement in recovery of ferrous materials from bottom ash after upgrading a conventional scrap drum to an Eriez P-Rex®(Permanent Rare Earth Xtreme®) Scrap Drum at one of the company's United States facilities.
American Manganese Inc. (AMY) is pleased to report that the Company's contract lab, Kemetco Research Inc., has produced a high purity NMC (Nickel Manganese Cobalt) hydroxide filter cake (shown above) during the final stages of the RecycLiCo Pilot Plant project. The filter cake was produced using a 35L batch sample of Pregnant Leach Solution that was collected during Stages 1 and 2 of the Pilot Plant project.
Celebrating their 60th year of commitment and service to their customers and the recycling industry, Sierra Recycling & Demolition was started by Ben Sacco in 1959. Now the sister company of Sierra International Machinery, the California-based recycling equipment specialist, Sierra has deep roots in recycling, and they have for 60 years. Based on this foundation, Sierra International Machinery states: "Our equipment is designed by recyclers for recyclers. At Sierra, we have the same experiences and challenges that other recyclers have, and we know the problems and the issues other recyclers face. We use the experiences from Sierra Recycling and Demolition, our engineers, operation managers, and service technicians to produce superior machines that we actively use in our own yard."
Cooperation between Dutch company Goudsmit Magnetics of Waalre and German company Sortatechas resulted in a mobile metal separator that separates both ferrous and non-ferrous metals from bulkflows. The companies will jointly demonstrate the Goudsmit Mobile MetalXpert at the Recycling Aktivin in Karlsruhe, Germany.
Metso Waste Recycling recently expanded its product line with the launch of two new pre-shredders - the K-series. In terms of performance and price, the new models will offer attractive alternatives for sites with production requirements between 5 - 45 t/h.
Innovation, safety and a reliable partner - that is what was important to the owner of Czech Republic-based mill service specialists Steelage, Jörgen Sassen.
CM Shredders has introduced a new single-shaft shredders line that features a "Smart-Ram" system which automatically adjusts ram pressure for maximum efficiency. The new CM SOLO series is ruggedly built and engineered for performance, durability and low cost of operation. Units produce minimal dust and require reduced power usage and manpower.
KINSHOFER offers an extensive range of excavator orange peel grapples for scrap, demolition, loading and unloading applications. Unlike competitive grapples, according to Kinshofer, the P-Series hydraulic system is fully enclosed and protected, reducing the risk of damage to hoses and other components. Additionally, the grapple's unique tine design enhances material penetration, increasing the amount contractors can safely secure in one cycle and saving time on the jobsite.
Frank van de Winkel, business development manager for TOMRA Sorting Recycling, will participate in a panel discussion during Harbor's 12th Aluminum Outlook Summit, held June 4-6, 2019, at Chicago's Radisson Blu Aqua Hotel. The Session 5 panel discussion will focus on North America's aluminum scrap & secondary market outlook, diving deep into emerging trends and market challenges. The session will take place in the Radisson's Atlantic Ballroom, starting at 8:25 a.m. on Thursday, June 6.
Some magnets are simple, like the small, hand-held versions that hold paper clips or which affix photos, calendars and notes to metal. Magnets attached to mobile material handlers to lift metal are much more complicated. Following are answers to some of the most popular questions often asked about lifting magnets, power supply sources and electrical control systems.
Many North American recycling businesses rely on the hard work of industry associations to help ward off burdensome legislation. The Institute of Scrap Recycling Industries (ISRI) in the U.S. and the Canadian Association of Recycling Industries(CARI) in Canada provide members with educational resources, networking opportunities and advocacy muscle at home and abroad. These associations also have a long history of collaborating with one another to combat common issues.
A queue of old barges and tug boats idle and rock gently in the Fraser River, south of Vancouver, British Columbia. It could be an idyllic scene - but this is no watercolour painting. These old vessels are lined up to be demolished and turned into scrap metal.
The Schofield family's scrap yard is unique in Great Britain because of the materials it processes. Heaps of piled broken castings have been part of the landscape here for decades.
St. John's, Newfoundland-based Newco Metal and Auto Recycling, in April, commissioned an M6090 Modular Automobile Shredder Plant and Non-Ferrous Separation System from WENDT Corporation. The installation represents Newco's first automobile shredder and offers new market opportunities and economic advantages for processing the company's scrap metal.
The nation's recycling industry is calling on the Surface Transportation Board (STB) to address unreasonable railroad practices related to railcar supply and storage fees. Members of the Institute of Scrap Recycling Industries (ISRI) today testified before an STB hearing that rail is a critical mode for transporting ferrous and nonferrous scrap metal, particularly for distances greater than 200 miles. Since many recycling facilities are served by only one major freight railroad, there are rarely alternative modes of transportation - which means scrap metal and other recycling companies are too often suffering poor rail service and seeing skyrocketing fees.
Larry W. Reaugh, President and Chief Executive Officer of American Manganese Inc. ("American Manganese" or "AMY" or the "Company"), is pleased to report the Company has filed National Phase Patent Applications for the Company's flagship technology on recycling lithium-ion battery cathode materials. Seven additional countries have been selected for National Phase Applications for the Company's original PCT Application No. PCT/US2017/060794 filed with the World Intellectual Property Organization on November 9, 2017. In addition to US Patent No. 10,246,343, which was granted on April 2019, AMY has selected the following additional countries for the National Phase Applications:
Recycling industry calls on U.S. Mint to resume mutilated coin redemption program after unexpected shutdown
The Institute of Scrap Recycling Industries (ISRI) expressed concern over the announcement by the U.S. Mint to re-suspend the Mutilated Coin Redemption Program and is offering its expertise to work with the agency to identify and resolve any concerns as quickly as possible. Along with the Mint, ISRI shares the goal of recovering and recycling coins while protecting the program's integrity.
LBX Company has announced the Link-Belt 600 X4 Material Handler (MH) for the US and Canada. The 600 X4 MH features an electronically-controlled 362 horsepower Isuzu engine that meets EPA Final Tier 4 requirements, without the need for a diesel particulate filter (DPF).
The new Eriez NanoRanch A.I. (Artificial Intelligence) Sorter uses vision to identify and sort a vast and customizable range of nonferrous materials, providing greater than 95 percent accuracy when the machine is trained with samples.
Eriez now offers expanded lab-scale testing services for the recycling industry. Testing is performed at the company's Central Test Lab (CTL), located in the Eriez Wager Road plant in Erie, PA.
The BPS Container Loading System is engineered to load 20-ft. and 40-ft. shipping containers quickly and efficiently for the export of ferrous and nonferrous metals. The three major components of this system are the vibratory hopper feeder, loading belt conveyor and system controls.
At bauma 2019 Liebherr presented two material handling machines: LH 18 M Industry and LH 26 M Industry, both specially designed for recycling applications. With these models, Liebherr says the company is positioning itself specifically in the field of small material handling machines, thereby expanding its product portfolio. As an example, for its electric material handling technology, Liebherr presented the LH 26 Industry with mobile undercarriage.
Bakersfield, California-based Sierra International Machinery has introduced the REB-X Press two-ram baler. The REB-X Press two-ram baler is designed to be easily transportable while maintaining a heavy-duty construction, remarkable performance and the ability to process a variety of material. According to Sierra, this portable two-ram baler is also highly adaptable and is the ideal machine for various applications at multiple facilities that need a baler to use on a rotational basis or during maintenance shutdowns, demolition projects, disaster cleanup, landfill projects, and rural locations.
Eriez latest model in the P-Rex scrap drum series will be among a wide range of magnetic separation and sorting equipment and technology the company will have on display at ISRI 2019 in Los Angeles, April 8-11. Other equipment technology will include the company's Shred1 Ballistic Separator, UHF Eddy Current Separator, and Metal Loss Monitor.
Liebherr USA, Co. Construction Equipment division is displaying two high performing material handlers and the most efficient wheel loader in the industry at the Institute of Scrap Recycling Industries 2019 convention and exposition in Los Angeles, California, to be held April 8-11.
Best Process Solutions (BPS) offers a complete line of shredder isolation mounts for the auto shredding and recycling industries.
Steel and ferrous scrap market participants in North America enjoyed a much healthier 2018 amid higher prices and sales volumes. Nucor Corp. reported their average sales price for steel sheet increased from $689 per net ton in 2017 to $828 per net ton in 2018. At the same time, steel production in the United States expanded 6.2 percent to 86.7 million tons in 2018, according to figures from the World Steel Association. As steel production increased and pricing improved, scrap demand rose and profit margins were bolstered. U.S. Steel Corp. reports their adjusted net earnings rose to $957 million in 2018, up from $341 million in 2017.
According to John Anderson of ABC Recycling, it's generally difficult to find heavy equipment mechanics. "If we don't have the people we need on our own payroll, we can end up waiting a long time for machine service," he says. "Having our own team of factory-trained technicians makes a huge difference."
Members of the metals sorting team from global sensor-based sorting leader, TOMRA Sorting Recycling, will be on hand in TOMRA booth # 800 to meet with attendees during ISRI 2019 in Los Angeles , Calif., from April 8-10. Team members will be available throughout the show to address attendees' specific sorting challenges and how TOMRA's X-ray and color sorting technologies can help to deliver solutions.
MetalX, headquartered in Waterloo, Indiana, has begun operation of a new 5,000-hp mega-shredder at the company's recently established greenfield site in Delta, Ohio. In December 2018, MetalX also installed a new E-Crane 1000 Series Model EC7317 PD-E stationary equilibrium crane, equipped with a 3.5-cubic-metre (4.6-cubic-yard) scrap grapple. Since installation, the E-Crane has been used to move and stockpile material in preparation for the shredder startup. Now that the shredder is operational, the E-Crane will be used primarily to feed the shredder at a rate of up to 300 tons per hour.
Mountain House, the leader in freeze-dried backpacking and emergency food options, has partnered with international recycling company TerraCycle® to offer consumers a free, easy way to recycle packaging waste from their line of Mountain House pouches.
Swedish scrap processing company Skrotfrag installs a robotic sorting line for scrap metal. The sorting line, equipped with a three-armed ZenRobotics Heavy Picker, will be the third of its kind in Sweden. Skrotfrag will be one of the first companies to apply robotic sorting technology to scrap metal. The application is a welcomed addition to advance Skrotfrag's operations.
TOMRA Sorting Recycling has published an e-book examining the role that recycling can play in providing solutions to the world's worsening resource crisis. It explores the technical feasibility and progress made toward 100% recyclability of plastics and highlights the opportunities of using high-quality recycled plastics for manufacturers of plastic products and packaging.
LBX Company has introduced two new models for the U.S. and Canada: the Link-Belt 250 X4 Material Handler (MH) and the 250 X4 Scrap Loader/handler (SL). Both feature an electronically-controlled 177 horsepower Isuzu engine that meets EPA Final Tier 4 requirements, without the need for a diesel particulate filter (DPF).
Despite a year filled with political gridlock and uncertainty in U.S. politics, the Institute of Scrap Recycling Industries (ISRI) achieved a number of important victories benefiting recyclers in 2018. According to the organization, this sets the stage for the organization's 2019 Advocacy Agenda, which recognizes new challenges and opportunities in the industry at the local, state, federal, and international levels related to Market Development & Economic Opportunity, International Trade, Energy and the Environment, Transportation & Infrastructure Development, Workplace Safety Initiatives, Workforce & Immigration Issues, and Regulatory Policy.
Gensco has delivered the company's newest Scrap Metal Portable Logger/Baler machine, Model S.5250GP, to Groff Recycling in Boyertown, Pennsylvania.
As a sign of both the need to reduce metal theft, and its strong working relationship with the Institute of Scrap Recycling Industries (ISRI) and other recyclers, the International Association of Chiefs of Police recently passed a resolution calling on law enforcement agencies to recognize recyclers as partners, use tools such as ScrapTheftAlert.com, and utilize resources developed by ISRI.
Estimates indicate that there are about 1 million tons of clean, non-infectious healthcare plastics generated in U.S. healthcare facilities each year. While the potential of this largely untapped waste stream is obvious, how to access this waste stream can be less clear.
The new owners of a scrap metal business in Charlottetown will be reducing the amount of waste going into provincial landfill sites, according to the government of PEI.