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ArcelorMittal to supply recycled and low-emission steel to General Motors

Lines of rolled metal on a concrete floor
ArcelorMittal North America's XCarb steel is made via the electric arc furnace (EAF) route and contains a minimum of 70 percent scrap. ArcelorMittal North America

ArcelorMittal North America will supply General Motors (GM) with XCarb recycled and renewably produced (RRP) steel. ArcelorMittal says that XCarb offers significantly reduced CO2 emissions compared to much of the carbon steel available in North America.

ArcelorMittal North America's XCarb steel is made via the electric arc furnace (EAF) route and contains a minimum of 70 percent scrap – with up to 90 percent scrap – and does not use carbon offsets to achieve the reduced carbon intensity. ArcelorMittal says that XCarb's lower CO2 intensity has been independently verified with an accompanying life cycle analysis (LCA) that includes Scope 1, 2, and 3 emissions.

"This is a terrific first step in supplying steel with substantially lower CO2 emissions to automakers in North America," says Peter Leblanc, CMO of automotive at ArcelorMittal. "It is not the result of clever accounting or offsets – it is steel with physically lower CO2 emissions, which will help drive the achievement of ArcelorMittal's goal to be carbon neutral. We are proud to join GM in their march toward a zero emissions future."

"This agreement provides another example of how we are innovating with our suppliers to reduce emissions throughout the supply chain," said Jeff Morrison, GM vice president of global purchasing and supply chain. "It also highlights how strong supplier relationships can help build a better, more sustainable future."

XCarp RRP steel will be supplied from ArcelorMittal Dofasco in Hamilton, Ontario, and shipments are expected to begin during the second quarter of 2023.

Currently, ArcelorMittal Dofasco says that it is undergoing a transformation to reduce carbon emissions at its facility by approximately 60 percent by moving to a direct reduced iron-fed electric arc furnace steelmaking process. When complete, all ArcelorMittal facilities in North America that make automotive steel will utilize an electric arc furnace-based process.

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