VIZIO, a manufacturer of high-definition televisions (HDTVs) recently joined the elite list of e-Stewards® Enterprise companies. e-Stewards Enterprises are corporations and institutions committed to using the world's most globally responsible electronics recycling companies that are certified to the e-Stewards Standard. The e-Stewards standard is the only electronic waste recycling and refurbishment standard that disallows exporting hazardous electronic waste to developing countries and employs the most rigorous criteria to prevent data breaches from discarded hardware.
GEEP’s Alberta facilities are staying ahead of the curve on managing ITAD and e-waste
GEEP Canada Inc. is a division of The Giampaolo Group of Companies, based in Ontario. The Giampaolo Group is involved in multiple industries, from aluminum re-melt to real estate, and is also one of North America's largest metals recyclers through the company's Triple M Metal division. GEEP (Global Electric Electronic Processing) specializes in managing the complete life cycle of IT assets through electronic asset management and end-of-life recycling. The company has nine locations throughout North America, including two Alberta facilities and plants in B.C., Ontario, Quebec, Michigan, North Carolina and Costa Rica.
Mark Schell, GEEP's GM in Alberta, oversees operations at their e-waste processing plant in Edmonton and their Calgary facility. He says what they do in the electronics recycling industry is sometimes referred to as above-ground mining.
"Effectively, we're trying to extract all precious metals and resources from any used electronics that we process, and we have end markets in different parts of the world," says Schell. The plant in Edmonton, a dedicated end-of-life e-waste recycling facility, processes millions of pounds of electronics waste per year.
"Everything gets destroyed in Edmonton," he explains. "Our environmentally responsible de-manufacturing processes break down e-waste through a series of shredding, granulating and separation technologies."
GEEP (the ‘G' pronounced as in ‘good') also manages a lot of steel. "Through our relationship with the City of Edmonton, all of the white goods that come through City eco-stations, such as fridges and stoves, come to us," Schell says. "The City removes the freon from any of the refrigerators or freezers, and those materials come to us. We bale it and send it off to our steel downstream, which is in most cases Triple M Metals.
ITAD is key
Schell describes GEEP's Calgary facility as basically a cross-dock for e-waste that is sent to the main facility in Edmonton. The Calgary facility's primary purpose is its ITAD (IT Asset Disposition) services. These services are able to extend the useful life of electronic devices by wiping them clean of any data to allow for secure repurposing and eventual resale.
"We offer different solutions to different types of customers, anything from banking institutions to the military, to large corporations including oil companies," he says. "Once their IT equipment comes off-lease, or when they're ready to exchange it for new equipment, we are their asset management partner."
He says the majority of the used electronics equipment they get in Calgary will be no more than two or three years old.
"It arrives at our facility, becomes serialized, and then data-bearing assets are wiped to an unrecoverable state in order to be refurbished and repurposed without any confidentiality risk."
GEEP follows the NIST 800-88 standard, which is the current benchmark for media sanitization, utilizing advanced data erasure software.
Schell explains that they have the ability to sanitize any type of media, from traditional hardware to new SSD drives.
"For certain contracts, we have to destroy the hard drives, but in most cases we can remarket the computer or the printer or other equipment, and we share the revenue with the company that provides us the equipment."
He adds that some of their clients want to have assets wiped and then shredded, but in most cases, it's one or the other. "Either way, we take in data-bearing equipment from our customers and we manage that asset for them."
GEEP clients receive official certification that states their data contained in old electronics has been wiped, and/or the equipment has been destroyed.
"Data security is the most important part of our business," continues Schell. "We hear it every day in the news - somebody's information has been hacked or someone out there has found some unique way to gather information and to steal identities or credit card numbers.
"GEEP takes data security very seriously. Our sites are physically secure with 24/7 monitoring, and we have designated areas within each building that only certain employees have access to. All employees are required to have annual background checks." In addition he says, staff go through security checks to ensure that no data-bearing equipment leaves their facility.
Schell adds that in the five years that he's been at GEEP, he's noticed a lot more attention paid to ITAD by the companies they serve.
"Everybody is more concerned about it," he says. "I think there's a lot more knowledge about it and our clients want to make sure they're showing their clients that they're doing things in an environmentally responsible way.
"We're an important cog in that wheel. It's why we've been audited as often as we have in Calgary for safety and security."
Turning mixed waste into value
When a load of material arrives at either of GEEP's Alberta locations, often it's mixed and may include cell phones, computers printers, coffee machines and microwaves. In Alberta, Schell says this is more of a challenge than in other provinces because of the provincial government's regulatory limitations on what can be processed as e-waste, and what is not part of the program.
"If we're handling Alberta materials, there's only a handful of items that are part of the Alberta Recycling e-waste program," he explains. "That includes visual display devices, computers and peripherals and printers. Anything else, if it's a microwave or a coffee machine, or even cellphones, those are not part of the provincial program here in Alberta. Therefore, there's no fee paid to us by Alberta Recycling for processing those items."
But they still have to separate everything. Sometimes, material is separated for program-related reasons, and sometimes it is separated for value-related reasons.
"Sometimes we separate items just because there's a safety risk," he explains. "For instance, anything with a lithium battery in it, we cannot run that through the shredder. When a battery gets pierced, it explodes immediately."
He says once they separate everything into its proper categories, depending upon what it is, some of it gets de-manufactured by hand. The majority of their materials in Edmonton go through a chain shredder. "It's a fairly large piece of equipment that has two giant chain link chains in it that spin at about 800 RPMs," explains Schell. "It basically smashes everything into small pieces and we can adjust the size of the particulate."
After that, material goes through a magnet where steel is extracted and then onto a long belt where materials are manually picked out. "There is a fairly sizable manual component to the chain shredding process," he explains. "Depending upon what we're running, sometimes we pick the value and sometimes we pick the ‘refuse.'"
With regard to circuit boards, GEEP uses what Schell calls a knife shredder. "Some call it a ring shredder," he explains. "It's a smaller unit with blades that cut the circuit boards into small particles, about the size of a toonie. Once we've done that, it goes into a bulk bag and then that material gets sorted and sold to refineries in various locations throughout the world."
He says circuit boards probably have the largest component of precious metals. "If you go back to an old computer, from the 1980s and 1990s, those had a lot of gold in them," he explains. "As manufacturing has evolved, in order to reduce costs, the use of gold has actually been reduced. But there still is a fair amount of gold in a circuit and IC chip. If you see a circuit board with a lot of IC chips on it, normally, that board has a fair bit of gold content." He adds that RAM chips contained in a motherboard also have a substantial amount of a gold in them.
Still, the single highest volume of precious metal that they process is copper.
"Copper comes out of the circuit boards and other materials that we send to refinery," he says. "There is also a fair amount of copper that comes out of old CRT televisions.
"We manually disassemble upwards of a thousand of those every single day in Edmonton, believe it or not," he continues. "Inside is a component called a copper yoke located near the back end of the tube, with substantial pure copper windings on it. These yokes result in a fair bit of copper that comes out of that process."
He notes that batteries are a particularly challenging aspect of handling mixed waste materials.
"There are so many different types of formulations," says Schell. "You'd think maybe there's only half a dozen different types of batteries, but there's probably 100 different types. The different formulations require different recycling. Some of it, you can actually recycle and reuse and capture, like with lithium batteries. They actually pull the Lithium out, and can reuse it. Alkaline batteries have to go to a hazardous waste facility."
He says they also get a lot of lead-acid batteries through their facility, which are sent off to a recycler - but it's still a challenge.
"It's becoming more difficult because of rules on transportation and rules on how much you can actually store at any given time.
"Lithiums though are the worst type of battery for us. They can start a fire and can be difficult to handle."
End markets, design for recycling and an evolving industry
Chinese import restrictions that have been put in place over the last few years have definitely affected the e-waste recovery business.
"It was the primary downstream for many in our industry," Schell says, adding "When I run e-waste through my shredder, I end up with a lot of small-fraction plastic."
One particular challenge with plastics he explains, like with batteries, is that there's so many different types of formulations. "It's not like you can just take up a big bale of plastic from printers and CRTs and flat-screen TVs and wherever else and just melt it down and then extrude it into a pellet. It just won't work. Whoever buys it is going to get inconsistent materials when they use it for their products.
"We've found alternative markets that are environmentally conscious," he says. "It's taken some of value out of the plastic but there are still places where we can send it."
When it comes to the global issue surrounding the use of illegal foreign end markets for dumping e-waste materials, Schell says that they do not send anything to places that haven't been fully vetted and approved by either the R2 program or by the Alberta Recycling program.
"Both of those programs require that e-waste materials not go to third world countries, for example," he says, adding that overall, he feels the global issue of illegal dumping of e-waste is improving somewhat. Besides better regulations and understanding about the issue, along with the industry's increased adoption of regulations and standards such as R2 and e-Stewards, which make it harder for those trying to ship e-waste overseas, Schell says part of the reason for this improving global situation lies with changes in manufacturing practices.
"Manufacturers, for the most part, are making things better now," says Schell. "Many are making items so that they're more easily recyclable." As an example, he points to the fact that they do not run into leaded glass as much anymore because lead-based CRTs are no longer being manufactured. "We're still going through the backlog of those that have been around for decades though," he adds. "Now, we have flat-screen TVs, almost everything is an LED now, and there's nothing really dangerous about handling those."
Another problematic material they don't see as much anymore is Mercury. "Old LCDs with tubes that had Mercury in them aren't being made anymore," he says. "There are better manufacturing methods that are being used now, without the use of Mercury."
E-waste recycling in Alberta
"Not many people know this, but the very first electronics recycling program in North America started in Alberta in 2004," Schell says.
The program is currently managed by Alberta Recycling Management Authority, the same organization that oversees other provincial stewardship programs, including tire, paint and oil recycling. This is unlike other provinces in Canada, where the EPRA (Electronic Products Recycling Association) oversees government mandated e-waste collection, reuse and recycling.
While the government of Alberta designates which electronics are included in the provincial program, Alberta Recycling manages the program, and compensates e-waste recyclers for recycling items that are permitted, but does not compensate for those items not included.
Schell feels strongly that their provincial government needs to include more electronic items for recycling. "In other provinces the government has added items such as microwave ovens and coffee machines," he says. "Basically anything that has a cord or a battery in it is part of these programs. That's not driven by EPRA, that's driven by the government. Here, the Alberta government has only included limited items and that's been in place since 2004."
He adds that the government in Alberta has been talking about the benefit of adding additional products, and that Alberta Recycling is ready to proceed the moment the government gives them the green light.
"But they've not given them the green light yet," he continues. "So basically, in effect, many of the items that aren't part of the Alberta e-waste program could still possibly be finding their way into landfills.
"It all comes down to the policies and regulations that are put forth by the government - the environment department," Schell says. "What we've done to counteract that at GEEP is that we don't permit any of the non-eligible materials in Alberta that come through Edmonton to go to the landfill.
"As long as I'm able to still stockpile that material. I'm holding it until such time as it gets implemented into the program, and then I can process it in an environmentally conscious way." RPN
This article was originally published in the March 2019 edition of Recycling Product News, Volume 27, Number 2.
More from Electronics Recycling
The 14th Conference of the Parties to the Basel Convention concluded in early May, without approving in full the Technical Guidelines on the Transboundary Movement of e-Waste. The Guideline, which included an exemption from controls for e-wastes claimed for repair, failed to find the support for its final adoption after several years of negotiation. The Basel Convention seeks to prevent the export and dumping of hazardous wastes, particularly in developing countries.
Greentec has released their inaugural sustainability report. The report measures data from 2017-2018, while also including information from the organization's 24 year history and strategies for continuing to move forward successfully.
The WEEE Forum, (the European Association of Electrical and Electronic waste take back systems) including an international collaboration of 36 e-waste collection schemes in the EU, issued their response to recent consultation regarding a study to support the preparation of the EU Commission's guidance for an e-waste extended producer responsibility organization.
The Basel Action Network (BAN) has published its new Responsible Guideline on Transboundary Movements of Used Electronic Equipment and Electronic Waste to Promote an Ethical Circular Economy under the Basel Convention. This was developed as an alternative Guideline to the Basel Convention's Interim Guideline which has been fraught with controversy and lack of consensus.
Wisetek expands US workforce and facilities to meet the escalating need for efficient, ethical IT asset disposal
Enterprise Ireland client Wisetek, a leader in global IT Asset Disposal (ITAD) reuse and data destruction services has announced that the company is growing its facilities, capabilities, and workforce within the US. The announcement was made at an Enterprise Ireland business leadership event in Washington today, attended by the Irish Prime Minister Leo Varadkar.
The latest draft of the R2v3 standard has been released for public comment following an extensive process to revise and strengthen the standard to reflect the rapidly growing and changing electronics recycling industry. The Institute of Scrap Recycling Industries (ISRI) will be hosting the first public hearing on the revision during the ISRI2019 Convention and Exhibition, April 9 at 5:45 pm, in room 403A, at the Los Angeles Convention Center.
Sony Electronics has joined as a member of a growing number of e-Stewards Enterprise companies. These corporations and institutions are committed to using the most globally responsible recycling companies that are certified to the e-Stewards standard. The e-Stewards standard disallows exporting hazardous electronic waste to developing countries and employs the most rigorous criteria to prevent data breaches from discarded hardware. Besides being a leading manufacturer of consumer electronic products, Sony Electronics is committed to designing with the environment in mind and helping to eliminate externalities throughout the supply and disposal chains. Beyond its efforts with regards to recycling, Sony's vision is to aim for a zero environmental footprint by 2050 to conserve resources and curb climate change.
Greentec launching “It’s Easy Being Green” Campaign in Southwestern Ontario to encourage responsible E-recycling
Ontario-based e-waste company Greentec has launched "It's Easy Being Green," a an e-waste recycling initiative that will provide local drop off boxes for individuals and families as well as pickup services for businesses. The company says they are encouraging southwestern Ontario residents to safely and securely recycle their e-waste in 2019, and with numerous certifications, including ISO 14001, OHSAS, R2 and NAID, is well positioned as a leader in the recycling community.
A new report from OECD (Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development) has found that the rapid growth in online sales of electronic goods is enabling some producers and retailers to shirk their responsibilities for the environmental impact of their products, normally enforced through Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR) systems. The report estimates this occurs with 5-10 percent of online electronics sales, meaning lower collection rates for items at the end of their life cycle and reduced financing for waste management.
Ontario Environment Ministry to outline upcoming changes to WEEE and Hazardous Waste stewardship in the province
An important component in the Made-in-Ontario Environment Plan is moving Ontario's existing waste diversion programs to the producer responsibility model. Transitioning Ontario's waste diversion programs includes two concurrent steps:
- Winding up the existing waste diversion programs and industry funding organizations under the Waste Diversion Transition Act (WDTA); and,
- Putting in place regulations under the Resource Recovery and Circular Economy Act (RRCEA) to make producers fully responsible.
Prince Edward Island approves Call2Recycle Canada as official single-use and rechargeable battery stewardship program
Call2Recycle Canada, Inc., Canada's consumer battery collection and recycling organization, has been approved by the Prince Edward Island Department of Communities, Land and Environment as a regulated battery stewardship program to collect and recycle consumer batteries. Its five-year, all-battery consumer collection and recycling plan will be implemented in early 2019.
Study uncovers high levels of previously unsuspected pollutants from electronics in homes and recycling plants
Scientists at Indiana University have found high levels of a previously unsuspected pollutant in homes, in an electronic waste recycling facility and in the natural environment, and have warned that people are likely to be exposed to this pollutant by breathing contaminated dust or through skin contact.
California-based Converge Engineering LLC has announced the launch of its new website, ConvergeBelting.com. This domain provides new and existing customers in recycling and other industries with a comprehensive resource for replacement conveyor belting and accessories.
The Toronto-based Electronic Recycling Association (ERA) has confirmed donation of over 500 laptops, computers, printers and cell phones to individuals in need, as of GivingTuesday, which takes place following U.S. Thanksgiving - this year on Tuesday, November 27. Every year this non-profit event aims to donate more equipment than the last. This year they have succeeded with their donations totalling 547 IT devices, a 50% increase from 2017.
Greentec, an Ontario-based e-waste recycling solutions company, now has exclusive technology to safely handle LCD displays during the process of converting discarded electronics into new materials, making it the most advanced e-waste company of its kind in the country, according to Greentec. The company uses innovative Lamp, LCD and Laptop waste recycling technology to remove the hazardous materials typically found in these items, including mercury vapours and other heavy metals. The automated procedure ensures there is no human contact with hazardous materials.
In today's world, everything runs on batteries. They're in the things we use every day. Inevitably though, they run out of power and the question comes up - what do you do with your spent batteries? In the past they ended up in a junk drawer, an old coffee can in the garage, or even in the trash. But, batteries can be recycled using a few extra precautions.
The United States Advanced Battery Consortium LLC (USABC), a collaborative organization of FCA US LLC, Ford Motor Company and General Motors, today announced the award of $1.08 million to Worcester Polytechnic Institute (WPI) in Worcester, Massachusetts for Phase II of a lithium-ion (Li-ion) battery recycling contract.
Seneca, a Montreal-based engineering consulting firm specializing in industrial materials process engineering, is proud to announce that the Lithion Recycling project consortium, of which Seneca is part of, has received a $3.8 million funding from Sustainable Development Technology Canada (SDTC).
Sims Recycling Solutions certifies two additional facilities with Information Security Management Standard
Sims Recycling Solutions (SRS), a leading global provider of electronics recycling and IT asset disposition (ITAD) services, recently earned ISO 27001:2013 certification at two U.S. facilities in Roseville, California and West Chicago, Illinois.
Premier Surplus, Inc., a Georgia-based asset management and electronics recycling company has, along with SSI, completed the design of a new E-Waste Shred System.
TOMRA's new-generation X-TRACT features dual processing technology, multi-density channels and application packages
TOMRA Sorting Recycling has introduced a new generation of X-TRACT machine with advanced sorting technology that allows a broader range of market segments to take advantage of its ability to boost purity levels. Today's XTRACT features innovative Dual Processing Technology to enhance final purity levels; multi-density channels for more precise classification and sorting of materials; and a broad range of application packages.
Throughout October, the Avoid the Spark campaign -- a public education effort to reduce battery safety incidents -- returns to the Bay Area to engage the community. Efforts include local county battery collections, a cornerstone event benefiting the California Fire Foundation, and the launch of a dedicated battery safety resource webpage, www.avoidthespark.com. This second phase builds on the Avoid the Spark campaign launch in May, spurred by the growing epidemic of battery-related fires at recycling and waste facilities along with the hidden dangers of trashing lithium-based batteries.
International E-Waste Day has been developed by the WEEE Forum, an international association of e-waste collection schemes, and 26 of its members and involves around 40 different organisations in 20 different countries worldwide. The inaugural event, set for Saturday October 13th, is being used to raise the public profile of e-waste and encourage consumers to correctly dispose of their e-waste with the resulting increase in re-use and recycling rates on the day itself and into the future.
In the wake of multiple scandalous discoveries of piles of used Ofo and Lime rideshare bikes in the US and China, the Basel Action Network (BAN) and its e-waste recycling program, e-Stewards, is calling on all bicycle and scooter rideshare companies, and the city governments that license them, to establish responsible end-of-life policies to ensure maximal reuse and safe and responsible recycling for those bikes and scooters that cannot be reused.
The Electronic Recycling Association (ERA) has been working to reduce unnecessary electronic waste since 2004 throughout Canada. Many of us are unaware of the toxic chemicals that derive from electronic devices. Take a cell phone as an example, it has over 500 components and many contain toxic metals such as mercury, lead, beryllium, and cadmium. Over the past five years the ERA has been working with Hi Tech Recyclers, an Alberta Recycling (ARMA) certified recycler, to recycle e-waste from the province, comprised of unusable TV's, printers and electronics that could not be reused.
Global Waste Recycling Market Outlook 2018 report reveals only 20 to 25 percent e-waste documented as collected and recycled
Frost & Sullivan's recent analysis, Global Waste Recycling Market Outlook, 2018, reveals close to 48.2 million tonnes of eWaste was generated in 2017, of which only 20 to 25 percent was documented to be collected and recycled. The remaining waste was either landfilled or disposed of unsafely or illegally in lesser developed countries. This scenario is likely to persist in the absence of stringent regulations, closed-loop supply chains, and greater producer responsibility. China made a market-altering decision when it announced a ban on the import of 24 categories of recyclables and solid waste by the end of 2017. This decision will force the world's biggest waste importers, which include the UK, the US, Europe, and Japan, to build new recycling infrastructure in their own facilities or look to other Southeast Asian countries for waste management.
TES has acquired 100% of the share capital of EGR Beteiligungs GmbH (EGR), a leading recycler based in Herten, Germany. Since formation in 1993, EGR has provided technology recycling solutions across mainland Europe supporting WEEE programs and B2B / B2C nationwide take-back solutions. The acquisition further develops TES's vision to deliver more connected lifecycle solutions to their clients throughout Europe.
The Basel Action Network (BAN) has warned South and Southeast Asian nations that they will become the next, after Thailand, to be hit by a tidal wave of electronic and plastic wastes from North America and Europe, if they don't move to ban the import of such wastes by ratifying an international agreement called the Basel Ban Amendment. The Ban Amendment would amend the existing Basel Convention, now agreed by 194 countries, to make it illegal to export hazardous wastes such as electronic wastes (e-waste) for any reason from developed countries of the OECD and EU blocs to developing countries.
TerraCycle's efficient drum-top bulb crushing systems, the BulbEater3 and BulbEater3L, have received CE certification from the European Commission's Directorate-General (DG) for Internal Market, Industry, Entrepreneurship and SMEs. Obtaining a Declaration of Conformity (DoC) is essential for the sale and distribution of a product in the European Economic Area and other regions. The BulbEater system had to meet the strict standards set forth by European Union Directive 2006/42/EC on Machinery to receive a DoC.
Hasbro, Inc., the global play and entertainment company, recently launched a new toy and game recycling pilot program with TerraCycle, a global leader in product recycling. During the pilot program, consumers can collect and send their well-loved Hasbro toys and games to TerraCycle, who will recycle them into materials that can be used in the construction of play spaces, flower pots, park benches, and other innovative uses.
Sims Recycling Solutions (SRS), a leading global provider of electronics recycling and IT asset disposition (ITAD) services, has expanded their processing lines at the company's Eindhoven, Netherlands e-waste facility. This site, known to be the largest e-waste (WEEE) recycling operation in the region, added enhancements that include metals and plastics separation technologies.
ERA announces rebranding to Electronic Reusing Association in time for organization's 15th anniversary
The Electronic Recycling Association (ERA), the Calgary-based non-profit organization addressing the growing problem of e-waste and the increasing 'digital divide' has announced the business' rebrand to the Electronic Reusing Association. This comprehensive rebrand elevates the focus on reuse rather than recycle and this will be evident in their new logo and website within the coming months.
Sims Recycling Solutions (SRS), a leading provider of global IT asset disposition (ITAD) services was proud to have Steve Skurnac, chief development officer of Sims Metal Management, of which SRS is a part, as a representative at the 17th International Electronics Recycling Congress IERC 2018. This event, held Jan. 17-19 in Salzburg, Austria, brought more than 500 recycling professionals together to discuss new technologies, regulations, manufacturing processes and raw materials values.
As part of a worldwide effort to promote the importance of recycling on the first-ever Global Recycling Day this Sunday, March 18, the Institute of Scrap Recycling Industries (ISRI) is calling on businesses, communities, policymakers, and individuals to increase their commitment to recycling and recognize scrap as an important resource. Recyclable materials are valuable commodities that play a pivotal role in environmental protection, energy conservation, and sustainability.
After years of stagnation, the European recycling industry is finally experiencing a revival, according to organizers of this week's Automobile Recycling Congress IARC 2018, in Vienna., running from March 14th through Friday March 16.
In an attempt to respond to recyclers' quest for information about the presence of materials and components in electronic waste that require separate treatment, producers and producer responsibility organisations have teamed up to create "Information for Recyclers - I4R", a unique one-stop source platform aimed at providing a whole range of information and guidance on how to handle WEEE: http://www.i4r-platform.eu. The platform was launched at the end of February.
Pellenc ST and Sesotec GmbH recently concluded a new partnership to complement their market and product portfolio in the high-tech recyclables sorting sector. This agreement covers the distribution of flake sorting equipment for plastics recycling applications in France, Japan and the UK and sensor-based sorting equipment for End-of-Life Vehicles, Metal scrap and the WEEE-recycling markets in France and Japan. For other territories and other waste sorting applications, new opportunities will be treated on a case-by-case basis.
Call2Recycle Canada, Inc., the country's leading consumer battery stewardship and recycling organization, has achieved the latest Responsible Recycling Practices Standard (R2) certification, R2:2013. R2 is the leading standard for recycling organizations and is recognized by Sustainable Electronics Recycling International (SERI), an electronic recycling non-profit that serves as the housing-body for the R2 standard. The distinction reinforces Call2Recycle's commitment to following stringent requirements on the safe and secure collecting and processing of batteries.
Call2Recycle, North America's first and largest consumer battery stewardship and recycling program, encourages Canadians and Americans to Lead the Charge on National Battery Day (February 18th). The annual awareness day asks consumers and organizations to scour their homes and offices - especially junk drawers, closets and garages - for used batteries, which they can bring to a Call2Recycle drop-off location or start their own program.