Recycling Product News Logo

This ad will close in 15 seconds

The business of recycling wood waste debris in the log sort yard

The business of recycling wood waste debris in the log sort yard

Company info


This article provides a general overview of the Canadian Logging industry and available new business opportunities to divert and recycle log sort yard wood waste, solid waste and leachate recyclable materials in the Canadian logging industry.

As the Canadian Wood recycling industry expands, CWWR (Canadian Wood Waste Recycling Business Group) members are providing closed-loop diversionary wood, solid waste and leachate material recycling services in the Canadian logging industry – in the log sort yard sector.

Log sort yards provide many services in marketing wood and fibre by concentrating, merchandising, processing, sorting and adding value to logs and other recyclable organic materials. Such operations supply forest products firms with desired raw materials, which helps improve their bottom line by reducing the number of marginal logs and waste material processed. Ultimately, sorting logs and other waste material leads to better use of overall available timber resources.

Types of log yards 
The log sort yard has its origin in water sorting yards where logs were sorted onto rafts for shipment by water to the mill. There are also several different types of land-based log yards serving a range of purposes. The traditional mill/log sort yard provides receiving and log storage for feeding the mill. Concentration log yards provide a central point for accumulating logs for long-distance shipment to mill yards. Log reload yards provide transfer points between truck, rail and barge transportation. A log sort yard takes advantage of an integrated log market and serves several objectives by sorting logs for the best available market.

Materials processed in log sort yards include: 
• Hog (reusable => wood) 
• Sticks (reusable => wood) 
• Fines (dirt/clay/granulate wood, processed reusable => clean soil) 
• Rock (reusable => small rock) 
• Boulders (reusable => large boulders).

Successful closed-loop log sort yard recycling facilities 
Today successful closed-loop log sort yard recycling facilities are self-sufficient and have well-established markets, as well as a steady supply of wood and recycled, reusable log yard sorted multi-materials. Log sort yard concepts and new material recycling practices opportunities are open for new diversionary economic and environmental beneficial outcomes. It should be noted, however, that there are very few log sort yards currently that actually recover and sort their reusable or buried solid waste materials.

The environmental challenge of leachate
A main challenge in the logging industry is to treat and remediate log sort yard waste water runoff (leachate).  Twenty-four hours a day, 365 days a year, blackish water is running off old and newer log sort yards across Canada into local creeks and environmental water tables. This black water runoff is classified as a leachate, which comes from the wood waste, logs, bark, stick, clay, mud, dirt, rock and miscellaneous discarded mill and equipment waste being buried in log sort yards. Log sort yard waste water runoff, leachate, can be harmful to receiving watercourses, mainly because of the high concentration of organic substances and phosphorus that can cause eutrophication and oxygen depletion.

Water leachate runoff from log sort yard wood and other solid waste material in the logging industry has been an ongoing issue for log sort yards owners. It has been found that different wood species yield different leachate compositions, with leachate from oak having the highest pollutants content, followed by leachate from pine, poplar, spruce, fir, cedar, maple and hemlock. Oak has the potential to leach about 10 times the amount of polyphenols compared with other investigated species (i.e., pine, beech and maple). Furthermore, oak leachates have the lowest ratio of biological oxygen demand (at seven days) which suggests a potential problem with the biological degradation of this leachate. It has also been shown that leachate from wood waste is potentially toxic to aquatic organisms.

Log sort yard leachate solutions
A positive log sort yard waste water runoff/leachate solution is to utilize optimum dilution ratio(s) and incorporate the use of environmentally sound scientific water treatment technology, such as Bioaugmentation, Microbe, Aeration, Granular activated carbon and Biochar treatment processes. All of these options can remediate waste water runoff/leachate. By using an optimum dilution ratio and microbes for various parameters to meet safe wastewater runoff, leachate discharge will vary from location to location. Each log sort yard is and will conduct the necessary governmental waste water runoff/leachate studies to determine the best practice in which to safely discharge the treated waste water runoff/leachate.

The growth of recycling at both inland and waterway log sort yards for wood and solid waste material recycling  is great news. More good news is that within the Canadian Wood Waste Recycling Business Group membership, there are many companies that have the industry-experienced people, mobile recycling equipment, scientific technologies and resources to provide the log sort yard wood, solid waste material and leachate recycling solutions this industry requires. 

Contact Jim Donaldson at the Canadian Wood Waste Recycling Business Group (CWWR) for more information on wood waste recycling business opportunities in Canada.

More from Organics Recycling

Waste Management subsidiary to acquire Advanced Disposal Services

Waste Management, Inc. and Advanced Disposal Services, Inc. announced April 15th that they have entered into a definitive agreement under which a subsidiary of Waste Management will acquire all outstanding shares of Advanced Disposal for $33.15 per share in cash, representing a total enterprise value of $4.9 billion when including approximately $1.9 billion of Advanced Disposal's net debt. 

Micron Waste to commercialize Organivore system for food waste

Micron Waste Technologies Inc. ("Micron" or the "Company") (CSE: MWM, OTC: MICWF, Frankfurt: 7FM2), a leading developer of waste treatment systems for food and cannabis waste, announced today an expanded collaboration with  BC Research Inc. (BCRI) to facilitate rapid commercialization of the Company's second-generation food waste processing system. The new Organivore™ 2.0, designed for on-site waste processing for commercial producers of food waste, including supermarkets and food processors, producers and distributors, will combine new innovations developed for the CannavoreTM system, which Micron and BCRI purpose-built for the cannabis industry. Micron and BCRI will now rapidly install new technologies and applications into the Organivore™ 2.0, with market readiness anticipated in the second half of this year.

LWR a finalist for PwC CANADA’S V2R Awards

Ten years ago, Livestock Water Recycling emerged with a vision to create a technology that would give farmers a tool to treat livestock manure in a way that would eliminate the need for lagoon storage. Today they are being recognized for this progressive vision by being named finalist for PwC Canada's 2019 Vision to Reality (V2R) award. This annual program aims to recognize and celebrate the most forward-thinking organizations in the nation.

Peterson introduces 1700D horizontal grinder

Peterson Pacific Corp., a manufacturer of industry leading wood grinding and chipping machines announced today the introduction of the new Peterson 1700D Horizontal Grinder.  "The new-1700D is smaller and lighter than our other grinder's, but still packs impressive performance. The 1700D is ideal for small mulch, compost, or pallet grinding operations, as well as municipalities looking for a smaller machine, but still needing excellent throughput for a grinder of this size" said Jody Volner, President of Peterson Pacific Corp.  "We are excited about the capabilities of this remarkable grinder, and have it loaded with the features that Peterson customers have come to expect from our products."

Metso Waste Recycling strengthens sales in North America

Lou Martins is Metso Waste Recycling's new General Sales Manager in North America. Lou brings with him significant experience and a proven track record from the solid waste market, including 6 years with Van Dyk Recycling Solutions. "With Van Dyk Recycling Solutions Lou successfully developed and led a North American solutions initiative for processing and treating a new waste stream for glass.

Animal proof waste & recycling containers are ideal for rural areas

Paris Site Furnishings introduces innovative animal proof waste or recycling containers.  Constructed of galvanized steel, theses durable receptacles will keep out racoons, birds, squirrels, even bears, while dual streams allow for source separation of waste. Available as model BPLR1 - single, 32-gallon capacity units, or as BPLR2 - doubles with 64-gallon capacity.  Dual streams allow users to separate garbage from recycling, organics from plastics, or even pet waste from general waste. Paris Site Furnishings' BPLR models are an ideal waste storage solution for golf courses, campgrounds, parks, apartments, communal sharing by a group of property owners, small businesses, fire departments, community centers or anywhere durable, wildlife resistant waste containers are needed. 

Wastequip to acquire collection truck and hoist manufacturer Amrep

Wastequip, the manufacturer of waste handling equipment, has announced it has signed a definitive agreement to acquire Amrep, a leading refuse body and hoist manufacturer.  A family-owned business based in Ontario, Calif. with additional facilities in Salisbury, N.C.; Phoenix, Ariz.; Pacific, Wash. and Sacramento, Calif., Amrep was founded in 1976 and has become a well-recognized brand in the West Coast market.

free-paper-airplane

Get our newsletter

Learn more

Ecowaste Industries to add to C&D materials transfer and MRF capacity

Ecowaste Industries operates the Ecowaste Landfill in Richmond, B.C. where they accept inert refuse, mainly from construction and demolition activities. This material is renewed into products such as compost, bark mulch and crushed concrete for sale. At the end of 2018, Ecowaste Industries Ltd. acquired the operating assets and facilities of Urban Wood Recycling and Smithers Enterprises, both based in Vancouver.  The transaction was approved by both parties on November 21, 2018 and the sale closed on December 31, 2018. Since the start of the year, Ecowaste has been accepting Urban and Smithers customers at the Ecowaste Landfill in Richmond. 

Established ​DZH 7000 Series grinders feature new internal drive feed roller

Diamond Z's high-capacity, low maintenance DZH 7000 Series horizontal grinder is designed for any large-scale wood waste and land clearing grinding operation. The latest models are equipped with an internal drive feed roller which allows for less moving parts, quick and easy screen change and maintenance access, very aggressive feed and one of the largest crush roller and hammer mills in the industry. With 1,200 horsepower and proven production capacities in excess of 1,000 yards per hour, Diamond Z's DZH 7000 Series is ideal for the most difficult jobs. No other horizontal grinder can imitate this machines compliment of power, unparalleled production capabilities, versatility in difficult environments, innovation, and the attention to detail that stands out in every DZH 7000. 

​Livestock Water Recycling part of Canadian delegation at 2019 Cleantech Forum

This week, Livestock Water Recycling (LWR) is part of the Government of Canada and Export Development Canada sponsored delegation of 20 companies attending the 17th annual Cleantech Forum in San Francisco. LWR says they are dedicated to sharing the inspiring sustainability story of livestock farmers around the world who are transforming their operations by capitalizing on the manure economy, while at the same time regenerating their soils through agrology.

Lystek expands biosolids diversion contract in North Battleford Saskatchewan

Lystek International, the Cambridge, Ontario based provider of advanced biosolids management solutions has executed an agreement to continue managing the City of North Battleford, Saskatchewan's (City) biosolids for another five years. North Battleford was the first community in western Canada to recognize the many advantages of diverting its biosolids from landfill and converting the valuable resource into LysteGro, a Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA) registered biofertilizer product via its market leading, low temperature, low cost Thermal Hydrolysis Process (Lystek THP).

Morbark completes acquisition of DENIS CIMAF

Morbark, LLC has completed the acquisition of DENIS CIMAF, Inc., based in Roxton Falls, Québec. This transaction represents the company's second acquisition since private equity firm Stellex Capital Management LP acquired Morbark in 2016. The acquisition of Rayco Manufacturing in October 2017, brought a lineup of innovative equipment into the Morbark family across multiple product categories. In particular, Rayco stump cutters, aerial trimmers, forestry mulchers and crawler trucks. The purchase of DENIS CIMAF is another step in the Company's strategic focus on broadening the range of tree care and industrial equipment, aftermarket parts, and service offered to their Customers.

The benefits of on-site heat and power generation in the food industry

Sustainability has never been higher on the agenda for food and drink companies than it is now. Not only does operating in an ethical and environmentally responsible way make sense for both planet and pocket, but it's clear that this is what consumers want, too. Research from Globescan has revealed that 92% of consumers think that food companies should focus their efforts on securing the future sustainability of food, with many also believing that farmers should be paid more for their produce. So, what more could America's food producers be doing to increase their sustainability credentials?

free-magazine-subscription

Get Our Magazine

Paper or Digital delivered monthly to you

Subscribe or Renew Learn more

CCREF introduces videos to help improve the process of obtaining good compost samples for testing

With the compost manufacturing industry growing, many recognize the importance of properly testing the compost being sold to ensure that it meets various criteria for safety and performance. For many years, employees at compost operations have used the techniques detailed in the Test Methods for the Examination of Composting and Compost (TMECC) to get accurate sampling results, but following the techniques in the TMECC are highly technical and do not easily translate to employees of all skill levels. 

Customer feedback based on proven designs is shaping the latest wood waste processing machines

Multiple major manufacturers of horizontal grinders have released new models in 2018. HOGS, as they are sometimes called (HOrizontal GrinderS), are unquestionably the workhorse of the wood recycling industry and are a key piece of equipment for composters, land clearing contractors and biomass-for-energy producers, as well as C&D and MSW processors, where in both cases, wood and other organics are part of a mixed stream of materials. The latest model horizontal grinders feature lighter weights with higher production, increased transportability and site mobility, diesel, hybrid and fully electric power options, along with sophisticated controls systems, and ease of use and maintenance for operators and owners. This article looks at the latest horizontal grinder models and updates from Morbark, CW Mill, Rotochopper, CBI, Diamond Z, Bandit, Vermeer, Precision Husky, and Peterson Pacific.

Bandit Industries completes ESOP sale to employees

Bandit Industries finalized its transition to a 100 percent ESOP (employee stock ownership plan) company on Nov. 1st. Former owners Mike Morey Sr., Dianne Morey and Jerry Morey announced their intention to sell the company in an ESOP over the summer of 2018 - a move that was celebrated by Bandit's employees and customers. It ensures the corporate culture that has made Bandit a success for 35 years will remain intact.

Doppstadt's Airflex 1500 Wind Sifter allows for plastic-free composting, cuts volume losses

Plastic is everywhere, and sadly, it often ends up in many green waste bins. This causes composting site operators a lot of problems: they have to carefully separate unwanted bags and other plastic components from the organic waste in order to comply with legal regulations, including those of the German Fertilizer Ordinance (DüMV). However, composting site operators also want to achieve their own goal and offer high quality products to their customers, who are involved in the compost, gardening and agriculture industries.

Municipalities need to help to keep up with demand for composting according to USCC

Some US Composting Council (USCC) members and staff have been on conference panels with our colleagues in the traditional recycling industry during the past year, and we've heard some harrowing tales. Tales are circulating of the cancellation of glass programs, the suspension of curbside recycling contracts, and of the costly retooling of materials recovery facilities to integrate increasingly complex sortation lines in order to meet the requirements of foreign markets to accept recyclable materials.

Backhus turner and Doppstadt screens provide needed production and versatility for converted composting site

Regulation can be a powerful business stimulus. For the Town of Lexington, Massachusetts, state regulation proved to be a huge municipal benefit as well. When the Massachusetts yard waste recycling mandate took effect in 1987, the visionary leaders in Lexington converted an outdated, unused 30-acre landfill into a composting site to eliminate transfer costs for all the green waste they were collecting. Thirty years later, the operation has become a profit machine, effectively flipping hundreds of thousands of dollars of expenses to the other side of their balance sheet.

Anaergia to begin construction on North America’s largest organic WtoE facility

Anaergia, Inc. has announced the start of construction at the Rialto Bioenergy Facility (RBF) in California. According to the Burlington, Ontario-based company, the RBF will help address two pressing waste management issues in Southern California: food waste diversion from landfills and biosolids management. The RBF will convert 700 tons per day of food waste and 300 tons per day of biosolids into renewable natural gas, renewable electricity, and Class A organic fertilizer. When construction is completed in 2020, it will be the largest food waste diversion and energy recovery facility in North America.

A look inside the Calgary composting facility: the largest in-vessel based operation in Canada

Opened in July 2017, the City of Calgary Composting Facility is the largest in Canada to use in-vessel composting technology. Yearly, the facility can process over 100,000 tonnes of food and yard waste brought in through the City of Calgary Green Cart collection program, along with 45,000 wet tonnes of de-watered biosolids from municipal wastewater treatment. After one year of operation, the facility processed over 100 million kilograms of organic material.

free-paper-airplane

Get our newsletter

Learn more

Vermeer Damage Defense System creates a more efficient operation for WasteAway Recycling & Environmental

In American football, teams must be efficient at offense, defense and special teams, and they need to work well together to win games. Similarly, the three companies owned by AGI Environmental Inc. work very well together to excel in the waste and recycling industry. The star of the team is Ground Force Environmental Inc., which does civil, industrial and technology environmental remediation work throughout the province of Ontario and beyond. AGI's trucking company, RCT Bins, transports waste from worksites and municipalities, and finally, WasteAway Recycling & Environmental, located in Kitchener, Ontario, processes all of the material brought in from the two companies, as well as from other area sources. 

​Paper mill sludge generates business in Tampere, Finland

In 2014, the City of Tampere, Finland, purchased some of the lands and waters previously used by the forest industry in order to build the future city district of Hiedanranta. The purchased cove in Näsijärvi came with an enormous mass of wood-derived waste materials, also known as paper mill sludge or "zero fibre". Now, Hiedanranta is serving as a development platform for projects aiming to find use for paper mill sludge that would be financially sensible and clean up the water areas. 

Lindner Urraco 95 DK effortlessly shreds railway sleepers at Gojer

In the waste wood processing industry, railway sleepers are among the most difficult materials to shred. They are made of very hard wood and often still contain iron screws and plates. When Gojer, Kärntner Entsorgungsdienst GmbH was faced with the challenge of shredding these sleepers, they opted for the Urraco 95 DK mobile twin-shaft shredder from Lindner-Recyclingtech at the end of August 2017. How does the 770-hp mobile machine perform in terms of throughput, energy consumption and efficiency? Gojer looks back on a very positive first year.

Nick Doyle joins TOMRA Sorting Recycling as Sales Manager, West Coast North America

TOMRA Sorting Recycling, the global supplier of sensor-based sorting equipment, announces that Nick Doyle has joined the TOMRA team as Sales Manager, West Coast North America. In this newly created position that expands sales and customer support of TOMRA's equipment to waste and plastics recycling operations, Doyle will consult directly with TOMRA partners and customers to implement the right sorting solution to improve recycling recovery rates, increase product purity and boost profitability. 

Lystek wins multi-year contract with City of Guelph to manage biosolids

Lystek International has announced that on October 24, 2018, a multi-year (up to ten) contract was formally executed between the Cambridge, Ontario-based provider of advanced biosolids management solutions and its long-term customer, the City of Guelph. This is an especially rewarding agreement due to the fact that the first installation of the low-temperature Lystek Thermal Hydrolysis Process (Lystek THP) was demonstrated and commercialized in partnership with the forward-thinking city a little over ten years ago.

​The benefits of pasteurizing digestate on farms in anaerobic digestion applications

While most digestate produced by on-farm anaerobic digestion (AD) plants in the United States is separated into liquid and solid fractions, further treatment before application to land or sale for use as a soil conditioner is usually limited to composting the dry fraction. However, in Europe pasteurization is commonly used as part of the AD process to allow digestate produced from foodstuff or animal by-products to be used or sold as a fertilizer and soil improver. Some farm plant owners also pasteurize their feedstock or digestate in order to reduce the risk of plant pathogens and weed seeds carrying through in the digestate.

Lystek signs multi-year tender contract with City of Guelph to manage biosolids

On October 24, 2018, a multi-year contract was formally executed between Lystek International, the Cambridge, Ontario based provider of advanced biosolids management solutions and its long-term customer, the City of Guelph, Ontario. According to Lystek, this is an especially rewarding agreement due to the fact that the first installation of the now market-leading, low temperature Lystek Thermal Hydrolysis Process (Lystek THP®) was demonstrated and commercialized in partnership with the forward-thinking City a little over ten years ago.

Anaergia officially opens latest CHP System generating renewable energy

A ribbon cutting ceremony was held November 7 to mark the official opening of Anaergia Inc.'s Combined Heat and Power (CHP) system at the Hale Avenue Resource Recovery Facility (HARRF), in the City of Escondido, California. This CHP system utilizes digester gas from the wastewater treatment process to generate renewable electricity and heat for the facility's operations.

free-magazine-subscription

Get Our Magazine

Paper or Digital delivered monthly to you

Subscribe or Renew Learn more