Metso Waste Recycling has just announced Daniel Fairest as the new Area Sales Manager responsible for the UK and Ireland. Daniel resides in the UK and has substantial waste business experience with more than 15 years in the British waste industry - recently as Sales Manager at UNTHA shredding technology.
Canadian wood recycling sector positions itself for growth
Alberta-based Wood waste recycling business group supports a holistic approach to development
There's a lot more to wood recycling than shredding, screening and grinding. The state of wood recycling continues to evolve, according to Jim Donaldson, CEO of the Alberta-based Canadian Wood Waste Recycling Business Group (CWWR). Practices are well established in the forest industry for converting sawmill residuals into fibre applications such as pulp and paper and waste-to-energy, but overall, the development of wood recycling in Canada is still in its infancy.
According to Donaldson, wood recycling industry infrastructure in Europe is much more advanced. In North America, factors such as the relatively cheap availability of virgin timber and the acceptance of wood by landfills have slowed the momentum for wood recycling industry growth. Interest has continued to grow, however. The increasing corporate pursuit of zero-waste-to-landfill programs has helped, as have sustainability practices emerging in the construction industry to promote recycling. In some regions, including Metro Vancouver, a landfill ban on clean wood instituted on July 1, 2016 has significantly boosted recycling efforts.
Donaldson adds that available statistics related to wood waste recycling in Canada are minimal, which makes the growth of the industry more difficult to track. Natural Resources Canada (NRCan) estimated that unrecovered wood debris in the country's MSW and CR&D waste streams amounts to roughly 1.75 million metric tons annually, or about 7 percent of the unrecovered waste stream, according to a 2013 report.
Changing Perspectives on Wood Recycling
Recent research from the Technical University of Munich supports the idea that the sustainability case for wood is improved through "cascading use." This concept refers to the practice of recovering wood for the next most valuable alternative. Such an approach reduces the carbon footprint impact at each stage of use due to the availability of recycled material, which is much less carbon-intensive to produce. Examples would include lumber which can be reclaimed for reuse or, in the next phase, unusable lumber that can be converted into chips for chipboard. Waste-to-energy is a last resort for wood recycling, yet it remains by far the most popular form of diversion from landfill.
"We are still a throw-away society," Donaldson says. "Tossing reusable material in the grinder makes us feel good that we are recycling and doing the right thing, but it might not be the best choice with respect to making the most money or choosing the ideal option to support sustainability."
The Canadian Wood Waste Recycling Business Group (CWWR) promotes a holistic approach to wood recycling that supports the cascading use model. The organization believes that through the promotion of wood recycling, networking and the sharing of related resources, the sector can better position itself for financial success. In the process, wood waste will increasingly be diverted from landfills.
Focus on Three Core Activities
The CWWRG has identified three core business activities that support the growth of the Canadian wood recycling industry, or bioeconomy. These include the barn wood sector, as well as the remanufacturing and reprocessing industries. In all three sectors, wood is recycled into reusable wood products including new and used lumber, pellets, briquets, animal bedding and landfill cover, or it is used for fire log production. The three sectors are defined as below.
Barn wood: The business of reclaiming used wood into a barn wood inventory retail business platform. Inventory is sold as recycled renewable building products.
Remanufacturing: The business of creating a remanufacturing business platform, using a small portable wood sawmill. This includes sawmilling, kiln drying, planing and/or milling the wood product into an inventory that is sold as recycled, renewable building products.
Reprocessing: The business of creating a small portable reprocessing business platform, using the process of grinding, screening and/or shredding used end-of-life wood, which is sold as recycled wood product for developing reuse markets.According to Donaldson, there are about 80 barn wood business operations in Canada. Typically, these are small businesses. He says any community of 3,000 people or more can support a barn wood business, employing three to four people. Lumber is recovered from old structures, prepared by removing old fasteners, inventoried, priced and then retailed to the public from a storefront location. In some cases, reclaimed lumber is now also being offered by big box retailers at premium prices over new material.
In remanufacturing, portable sawmill units can provide entrepreneurs with the opportunity to resize recovered timber or urban logs for resale.
Some operators, such as Langley, B.C.-based Cloverdale Fuel, report seeing an increasing urban waste wood supply. And it is welcome news.
Robby Gill, Cloverdale Fuel's GM, noted that the sawmill businesses that have provided the company's traditional source of material are gradually disappearing in the Metro Vancouver area. Real estate prices have skyrocketed, and land development can be a more attractive option than milling.
"When some of these mills started 60 years ago, their land wasn't worth much," Gill says. "In some cases now, it can be worth $2.5 or $3 million per acre. Today, you would never buy that land to start a mill." Fortunately, increased amounts of urban waste wood from sources such as construction and wood product manufacturing have helped Cloverdale Fuel maintain its throughput.
By hauling bins from construction sites, Cloverdale Fuel can help builders meet their LEED (Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design) certification requirements. Company drivers print pickup receipts in the field to provide builders with proof that their wood residuals are being recycled.
In 2011, Cloverdale Fuel was chosen as the sole wood fibre supplier to an innovative biomass cogeneration project at the University of British Columbia. Known as the Bioenergy Research Demonstration Facility (BRDF), the UBC facility is the first of its kind in North America. Unfortunately, Gill noted, natural gas pricing has impeded the development of more cogeneration projects.
"The low cost of natural gas is inhibiting investment in any new projects," he says. "If you base it on the price of natural gas, today, it doesn't justify cogeneration on a purely economic model."
Chinese import Policy Changes Won't Impact Recycled Wood Fibre Markets
The tightening of contamination tolerances for recycled materials exported to China has severely impacted recycling markets around North America. China recently released its final Environmental Protection Control Standards for Imports of Solid Wastes as Raw Materials (GB 16487.2-13) - the quality standards for imported scrap by China's Ministry of Environmental Protection (MEP). For recycled wood fibre, however, changes in Chinese policy have had only a minor market impact. Chinese wood imports are dominated by virgin chip material. "China only imports chips for the manufacturing of pulp and paper," explains Hakan Ekstrom, Wood Resources International LLC. "Importing recycled wood chips would be too costly."
Virgin chips by contrast are the third most important category of timber imported to China, valued at $1.8 billion in 2016, following logs and sawn wood. Chips are sourced predominantly from tree plantations in Vietnam and Australia.
Cloverdale Fuel's Robby Gill reports that his company has been approached by Japanese and Chinese buyers, but says recycled fibre for the Chinese market has not yet generated significant interest. Gill says Asian buyers are looking for a product "that looks a particular way" and that recycled product does not have the ‘bright white look' that is being sought after. In the future, however, the scarcity of virgin material might lead such buyers to take a closer look at recycled chips. "It's coming," Gill says.
The same could be said for wood recycling in general.
Rick LeBlanc blogs about packaging reuse and recycling, including wood packaging, at www.packagingrevolution.net. He is the editor of Western Pallet Magazine and Reusable Packaging News. This article was submitted on behalf of the Canadian Wood Waste Recycling Business Group, and was first published in Recycling Product News, March 2018, Volume 26, Number 2.
More from Organics Recycling
Peterson Pacific Corp., a manufacturer of industry leading wood grinding and chipping machines announced today the introduction of the new Peterson 1700D Horizontal Grinder. "The new-1700D is smaller and lighter than our other grinder's, but still packs impressive performance. The 1700D is ideal for small mulch, compost, or pallet grinding operations, as well as municipalities looking for a smaller machine, but still needing excellent throughput for a grinder of this size" said Jody Volner, President of Peterson Pacific Corp. "We are excited about the capabilities of this remarkable grinder, and have it loaded with the features that Peterson customers have come to expect from our products."
Lou Martins is Metso Waste Recycling's new General Sales Manager in North America. Lou brings with him significant experience and a proven track record from the solid waste market, including 6 years with Solutions. "With Van Dyk Recycling Solutions Lou successfully developed and led a North American solutions initiative for processing and treating a new waste stream for glass.
At BAUMA 2019, Doppstadt will be presenting its proven mixed construction waste processing concept: a screening machine, wind sifter and density separator that are now even more compact and cheaper than before.
Paris Site Furnishings introduces innovative animal proof waste or recycling containers. Constructed of galvanized steel, theses durable receptacles will keep out racoons, birds, squirrels, even bears, while dual streams allow for source separation of waste. Available as model BPLR1 - single, 32-gallon capacity units, or as BPLR2 - doubles with 64-gallon capacity. Dual streams allow users to separate garbage from recycling, organics from plastics, or even pet waste from general waste. Paris Site Furnishings' BPLR models are an ideal waste storage solution for golf courses, campgrounds, parks, apartments, communal sharing by a group of property owners, small businesses, fire departments, community centers or anywhere durable, wildlife resistant waste containers are needed.
Wastequip, the manufacturer of waste handling equipment, has announced it has signed a definitive agreement to acquire Amrep, a leading refuse body and hoist manufacturer. A family-owned business based in Ontario, Calif. with additional facilities in Salisbury, N.C.; Phoenix, Ariz.; Pacific, Wash. and Sacramento, Calif., Amrep was founded in 1976 and has become a well-recognized brand in the West Coast market.
Terex Ecotec, the wood processing, biomass and recycling equipment manufacturer, is set to showcase the company's line of product offerings, innovations and expertise to a global audience at bauma 2019, taking place in Munich from 8th - 14th April 2019.
Ecowaste Industries operates the Ecowaste Landfill in Richmond, B.C. where they accept inert refuse, mainly from construction and demolition activities. This material is renewed into products such as compost, bark mulch and crushed concrete for sale. At the end of 2018, Ecowaste Industries Ltd. acquired the operating assets and facilities of Urban Wood Recycling and Smithers Enterprises, both based in Vancouver. The transaction was approved by both parties on November 21, 2018 and the sale closed on December 31, 2018. Since the start of the year, Ecowaste has been accepting Urban and Smithers customers at the Ecowaste Landfill in Richmond.
Morbark has recognized seven Tree Care dealers and one Industrial Products dealer with Gold Tier status for 2019, based on their performance during 2018.
Diamond Z's high-capacity, low maintenance DZH 7000 Series horizontal grinder is designed for any large-scale wood waste and land clearing grinding operation. The latest models are equipped with an internal drive feed roller which allows for less moving parts, quick and easy screen change and maintenance access, very aggressive feed and one of the largest crush roller and hammer mills in the industry. With 1,200 horsepower and proven production capacities in excess of 1,000 yards per hour, Diamond Z's DZH 7000 Series is ideal for the most difficult jobs. No other horizontal grinder can imitate this machines compliment of power, unparalleled production capabilities, versatility in difficult environments, innovation, and the attention to detail that stands out in every DZH 7000.
This week, Livestock Water Recycling (LWR) is part of the Government of Canada and Export Development Canada sponsored delegation of 20 companies attending the 17th annual Cleantech Forum in San Francisco. LWR says they are dedicated to sharing the inspiring sustainability story of livestock farmers around the world who are transforming their operations by capitalizing on the manure economy, while at the same time regenerating their soils through agrology.
Lystek International, the Cambridge, Ontario based provider of advanced biosolids management solutions has executed an agreement to continue managing the City of North Battleford, Saskatchewan's (City) biosolids for another five years. North Battleford was the first community in western Canada to recognize the many advantages of diverting its biosolids from landfill and converting the valuable resource into LysteGro, a Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA) registered biofertilizer product via its market leading, low temperature, low cost Thermal Hydrolysis Process (Lystek THP).
Bandit Industries, through a newly established partnership with Poland-based company, Pronar, Sp. z o.o., will commence offering select trommel screens and conveyor stackers. Bandit will unveil and demonstrate the Model 60 GT-HD stacker and the Model 7.24 GT trommel screen at the U.S. Composting Council's Conference and Tradeshow in Glendale, Arizona, from January 28-31.
Vancouver-based Micron Waste Technologies Inc., a leading developer of waste treatment systems for food and cannabis waste, has appointed Alfred Wong to position of President and Chief Executive Officer, effective immediately. Mr. Wong succeeds CEO Rav Mlait.
Morbark, LLC has completed the acquisition of DENIS CIMAF, Inc., based in Roxton Falls, Québec. This transaction represents the company's second acquisition since private equity firm Stellex Capital Management LP acquired Morbark in 2016. The acquisition of Rayco Manufacturing in October 2017, brought a lineup of innovative equipment into the Morbark family across multiple product categories. In particular, Rayco stump cutters, aerial trimmers, forestry mulchers and crawler trucks. The purchase of DENIS CIMAF is another step in the Company's strategic focus on broadening the range of tree care and industrial equipment, aftermarket parts, and service offered to their Customers.
Sustainability has never been higher on the agenda for food and drink companies than it is now. Not only does operating in an ethical and environmentally responsible way make sense for both planet and pocket, but it's clear that this is what consumers want, too. Research from Globescan has revealed that 92% of consumers think that food companies should focus their efforts on securing the future sustainability of food, with many also believing that farmers should be paid more for their produce. So, what more could America's food producers be doing to increase their sustainability credentials?
With the compost manufacturing industry growing, many recognize the importance of properly testing the compost being sold to ensure that it meets various criteria for safety and performance. For many years, employees at compost operations have used the techniques detailed in the Test Methods for the Examination of Composting and Compost (TMECC) to get accurate sampling results, but following the techniques in the TMECC are highly technical and do not easily translate to employees of all skill levels.
More than 1,000 members of the commercial composting community will be gathered Jan. 28-31 2019, for the first time in the Phoenix, AZ region, for the annual conference of the US Composting Council in an era of infrastructure challenges, keen attention to food scrap diversion and the link between compost and climate change.
For over 55 years, Chemco has helped build industry across Western Canada as a multi-disciplined contractor that provides clients with the services they need to both build and maintain their facilities. This wide range of services is shared across all Chemco companies to ensure flexibility for their clients.
Multiple major manufacturers of horizontal grinders have released new models in 2018. HOGS, as they are sometimes called (HOrizontal GrinderS), are unquestionably the workhorse of the wood recycling industry and are a key piece of equipment for composters, land clearing contractors and biomass-for-energy producers, as well as C&D and MSW processors, where in both cases, wood and other organics are part of a mixed stream of materials. The latest model horizontal grinders feature lighter weights with higher production, increased transportability and site mobility, diesel, hybrid and fully electric power options, along with sophisticated controls systems, and ease of use and maintenance for operators and owners. This article looks at the latest horizontal grinder models and updates from Morbark, CW Mill, Rotochopper, CBI, Diamond Z, Bandit, Vermeer, Precision Husky, and Peterson Pacific.
Bandit Industries finalized its transition to a 100 percent ESOP (employee stock ownership plan) company on Nov. 1st. Former owners Mike Morey Sr., Dianne Morey and Jerry Morey announced their intention to sell the company in an ESOP over the summer of 2018 - a move that was celebrated by Bandit's employees and customers. It ensures the corporate culture that has made Bandit a success for 35 years will remain intact.
Plastic is everywhere, and sadly, it often ends up in many green waste bins. This causes composting site operators a lot of problems: they have to carefully separate unwanted bags and other plastic components from the organic waste in order to comply with legal regulations, including those of the German Fertilizer Ordinance (DüMV). However, composting site operators also want to achieve their own goal and offer high quality products to their customers, who are involved in the compost, gardening and agriculture industries.
Some US Composting Council (USCC) members and staff have been on conference panels with our colleagues in the traditional recycling industry during the past year, and we've heard some harrowing tales. Tales are circulating of the cancellation of glass programs, the suspension of curbside recycling contracts, and of the costly retooling of materials recovery facilities to integrate increasingly complex sortation lines in order to meet the requirements of foreign markets to accept recyclable materials.
Backhus turner and Doppstadt screens provide needed production and versatility for converted composting site
Regulation can be a powerful business stimulus. For the Town of Lexington, Massachusetts, state regulation proved to be a huge municipal benefit as well. When the Massachusetts yard waste recycling mandate took effect in 1987, the visionary leaders in Lexington converted an outdated, unused 30-acre landfill into a composting site to eliminate transfer costs for all the green waste they were collecting. Thirty years later, the operation has become a profit machine, effectively flipping hundreds of thousands of dollars of expenses to the other side of their balance sheet.
Anaergia, Inc. has announced the start of construction at the Rialto Bioenergy Facility (RBF) in California. According to the Burlington, Ontario-based company, the RBF will help address two pressing waste management issues in Southern California: food waste diversion from landfills and biosolids management. The RBF will convert 700 tons per day of food waste and 300 tons per day of biosolids into renewable natural gas, renewable electricity, and Class A organic fertilizer. When construction is completed in 2020, it will be the largest food waste diversion and energy recovery facility in North America.
Opened in July 2017, the City of Calgary Composting Facility is the largest in Canada to use in-vessel composting technology. Yearly, the facility can process over 100,000 tonnes of food and yard waste brought in through the City of Calgary Green Cart collection program, along with 45,000 wet tonnes of de-watered biosolids from municipal wastewater treatment. After one year of operation, the facility processed over 100 million kilograms of organic material.
Vermeer Damage Defense System creates a more efficient operation for WasteAway Recycling & Environmental
In American football, teams must be efficient at offense, defense and special teams, and they need to work well together to win games. Similarly, the three companies owned by AGI Environmental Inc. work very well together to excel in the waste and recycling industry. The star of the team is Ground Force Environmental Inc., which does civil, industrial and technology environmental remediation work throughout the province of Ontario and beyond. AGI's trucking company, RCT Bins, transports waste from worksites and municipalities, and finally, WasteAway Recycling & Environmental, located in Kitchener, Ontario, processes all of the material brought in from the two companies, as well as from other area sources.
Trays made out of PET sheet are ideal for numerous applications: fresh food and dairy (fresh and sliced meats, cheese, fresh pasta, ...), blister packaging (lamps, tools, stationary, body care, ...) and medical packaging (tablets, scalpels, catheters, ...), providing great performances in transparency and improving the shelf life of products.
In 2014, the City of Tampere, Finland, purchased some of the lands and waters previously used by the forest industry in order to build the future city district of Hiedanranta. The purchased cove in Näsijärvi came with an enormous mass of wood-derived waste materials, also known as paper mill sludge or "zero fibre". Now, Hiedanranta is serving as a development platform for projects aiming to find use for paper mill sludge that would be financially sensible and clean up the water areas.
In the waste wood processing industry, railway sleepers are among the most difficult materials to shred. They are made of very hard wood and often still contain iron screws and plates. When Gojer, Kärntner Entsorgungsdienst GmbH was faced with the challenge of shredding these sleepers, they opted for the Urraco 95 DK mobile twin-shaft shredder from Lindner-Recyclingtech at the end of August 2017. How does the 770-hp mobile machine perform in terms of throughput, energy consumption and efficiency? Gojer looks back on a very positive first year.
TOMRA Sorting Recycling, the global supplier of sensor-based sorting equipment, announces that Nick Doyle has joined the TOMRA team as Sales Manager, West Coast North America. In this newly created position that expands sales and customer support of TOMRA's equipment to waste and plastics recycling operations, Doyle will consult directly with TOMRA partners and customers to implement the right sorting solution to improve recycling recovery rates, increase product purity and boost profitability.
Lystek International has announced that on October 24, 2018, a multi-year (up to ten) contract was formally executed between the Cambridge, Ontario-based provider of advanced biosolids management solutions and its long-term customer, the City of Guelph. This is an especially rewarding agreement due to the fact that the first installation of the low-temperature Lystek was demonstrated and commercialized in partnership with the forward-thinking city a little over ten years ago.
While most digestate produced by on-farm anaerobic digestion (AD) plants in the United States is separated into liquid and solid fractions, further treatment before application to land or sale for use as a soil conditioner is usually limited to composting the dry fraction. However, in Europe pasteurization is commonly used as part of the AD process to allow digestate produced from foodstuff or animal by-products to be used or sold as a fertilizer and soil improver. Some farm plant owners also pasteurize their feedstock or digestate in order to reduce the risk of plant pathogens and weed seeds carrying through in the digestate.
On October 24, 2018, a multi-year contract was formally executed between Lystek International, the Cambridge, Ontario based provider of advanced biosolids management solutions and its long-term customer, the City of Guelph, Ontario. According to Lystek, this is an especially rewarding agreement due to the fact that the first installation of the now market-leading, low temperature Lystek Thermal Hydrolysis Process (Lystek THP®) was demonstrated and commercialized in partnership with the forward-thinking City a little over ten years ago.
New York-based Munson Machinery has introduced an SCC Screen Classifying Cutter Model SCC-15 designed to reduce fibrous cannabis stalks and bulbs into compost-ready particle sizes at high rates for efficient post-harvest processing.
A ribbon cutting ceremony was held November 7 to mark the official opening of Anaergia Inc.'s Combined Heat and Power (CHP) system at the Hale Avenue Resource Recovery Facility (HARRF), in the City of Escondido, California. This CHP system utilizes digester gas from the wastewater treatment process to generate renewable electricity and heat for the facility's operations.
On November 8, members of the entire North American group of dealers for Komptech Americas met in Denver, Colorado to review the successes of 2018 and gain a glimpse into plans for an even stronger year in 2019.
Micron Waste Technologies Inc., a leading developer of clean technology waste management systems, has announced the hiring and promotion of key management staff to build capabilities in business development, engineering and corporate relations. Micron's food and cannabis waste treatment systems are industrial-grade organic waste processers which pulverize and render organic waste in combination with a proprietary blend of microbes and enzymes designed and developed by Micron. Importantly, as part of Micron's full-system waste treatment platform, effluent from the systems is further treated to derive clean greywater which can be reused in industrial or agricultural operation. Alternatively, the treated regulatory-compliant greywater, which meets municipal discharge standards, can be safely discharged. Active Pharmaceutical Compounds (APIs) in cannabis waste are further biologically treat to denature cannabinoids present, keeping them out of watersheds where they can bio-accumulate.
Superior Industries Inc., a U.S. based manufacturer and global supplier of bulk material processing and handling systems, says it's ready to debut two new tracked conveyor models. Joining the manufacturer's top-selling line of portable conveying solutions are a 75-foot (23m) tracked stacker and an 8-by-16-foot (2.4 x 4.9m) tracked feed hopper.
Green Machine initiative to use closed loop anaerobic digestion to help bring energy independence to Las Vegas
Las Vegas is the land of overindulgence and gluttony. In addition to consuming a record-breaking amount of energy (Nevada spends $700 million per year on out-of-state fossil fuels to power their flashing lights, gigantic billboards and air conditioned casinos) the city also has the largest landfill in America. With over 42 million tourists per day, one casino group alone generates over 800 tons of daily food waste.