​When To Replace Forklift Forks

The forklift fork is often overlooked and under-inspected. Many are unaware of how often one should inspect their forks, and how to inspect them. Federal law (OSHA Standards 29 CFR 1910.178) mandates that forklift forks which see around-the-clock use should be inspected on a per-operation basis. As part of a pre-operation inspection, forklift forks should ideally be inspected for signs of cracks, bends, excessive wear or damage to either the fork tine or the positioning lock when using an ITA mounted fork.

What to look for:

1. Excessive wear to the forks
Forklift forks decrease in thickness over time due to normal wear. However, any wear to the fork over 10 percent of the total thickness is considered excessive. Forks that show this amount of wear should be replaced.

2. Fractures due to stress or collision
Be sure to inspect the forks closely for fractures and gouges. The fork heel and parts of the fork closest to the machine typically receive the most wear. Even small cracks and gouges are signs forks need to be replaced.

3. Damage to the fork tip
Since fork tips are usually the first part of the fork to come in contact with material, excessive wear or damage to the tips is a clear indicator the forks should be replaced.

4. Any bends or uneven surfaces on the fork
All forks are delivered with a 90 degree angle from the shank to the blade. If any bend or uneven surface is detected on either the blade or shank, the fork(s) need replacing.

5. Difference in fork blade height
A difference in the height of each fork blade should stay within 3 percent of the fork length. Therefore if the forks in question are 42 inches long the allowable difference in fork height would be 1.26 inches. Any difference in fork height beyond 1.26 inches is a sign that both forks need to be replaced.

6. Wear or damage to the fork hook
Noticeable wear, crushing, pulling, and other deformities are signs that the fork hooks need to be replaced. Furthermore, if the wear to the hook is causing an excessive amount of distance between the fork and the carriage, the hook(s) should be replaced.

7. Wear or damage to positioning lock
If a positioning lock is no longer capable of locking completely due to wear the forks should immediately be removed from duty until the part is replaced. Operating without a fully functional positioning lock is a safety hazard and illegal.

When it does come time to replace forklift forks here are some common questions.
1. Can a single fork be replaced or should they be replaced in pairs?
While only a single fork might show signs of excessive wear or damage, it is not safe to replace only one fork. It is highly recommended forks be replaced only in pairs to ensure equal performance. Having two different forks with unique amounts of wear and disproportionate hourly usage is provides a number of safety concerns. "Replacing just one fork may seem like a good idea, but can actually lead to serious safety violations." says Terry Melvin, CEO of Arrow Material Handling Products.

2. Is it ok to make custom repairs or modification to the forks?
It is typically recommended that only the fork manufacturer make repairs or modifications to ensure forks meet safety standards. Always contact your fork provider first when in need of modification.

3. How do I determine replacement fork quality?
Forks made from high quality boron-carbon alloy high strength steel are rated 20% stronger than those made with 40CR. In addition, forks that are fully immersed into industrial heat treatment ovens and cooling pools are the most durable. Premium quality forklift forks should meet or exceed all ANSI/ITSDF and ISO standards.

Helpful Links

- OSHA's pre operation forklift checklist and fork can be found at https://www.osha.gov/dte/libra...
- OSHA's guidelines on fork wear can be found at https://www.osha.gov/SLTC/etoo...
- Arrow Material Handling Products' Fork Quality Standards http://www.arrowmhp.com/pdfs/F...

This article was submitted by Arrow Material Handling Products.

Company Info

Latest News

Tags
Fleets & Technology

Autocar Trucks first to introduce new Cummins X12 engine to refuse market

Autocar Trucks will be the first truck manufacturer to offer the new CumminsX12 engine to customers serving the refuse industry. The X12 12-liter diesel engine has remarkably reduced weight, enabling waste and recyclables haulers to handle more material and simultaneously lower their operating costs. Autocar will begin accepting orders in June for X12-powered ACX trucks to be produced in October of this year, immediately after Cummins begins full U.S. production of the X12. Autocar will offer the X12 across all Class 8 severe-duty vocational applications.

Read More

Tags
Plastics Recycling
Waste to Energy

​RePower South - BHS partnership to add renewable fuel production capability to revamped MRF

​RePower South - BHS partnership to add renewable fuel production capability to revamped MRF

South Carolina-based RePower South (RPS) has reached an agreement with the City of Montgomery, Ala. to operate the City's state-of-the-art Materials Recovery Facility (MRF). RPS will invest $12 million in the newly named City of Montgomery Recycling and Recovery Facility. RePower South has partnered with Bulk Handling Systems (BHS) and Loesche Energy Systems to revamp the existing recycling system to also produce a low carbon renewable fuel that will be sold to industry, cement, and utility customers to replace coal in the production process.

Read More

Tags
Industry News
Tire Recycling

​Ryse Solutions enters the marketplace as Canada's first fully integrated producer responsibility organization

Well known Canadian recycling and resource recovery pioneer Emmie Leung announced today that she has launched a new company, Ryse Solutions Inc., that is Canada's first fully integrated producer responsibility organization offering compliance services and material recovery solutions and advice under one umbrella.

Read More

Tags
Plastics Recycling

Canadian Government and the recycling industry have an opportunity to reset objectives and get back to basics on plastics recycling

Canadian Government and the recycling industry have an opportunity to reset objectives and get back to basics on plastics recycling

China's import restrictions and prohibitions on waste continue to disrupt markets around the world, causing a reassessment of entire value and supply chains. For far too long jurisdictions relied on foreign end-markets, and focused mostly on collection and sorting infrastructure without making parallel investments in domestic processing. Relying so heavily on a single market to process materials has made Canada and other nations vulnerable to losing material to disposal. 

Read More

Tags
Plastics Recycling

​Plastics Recyclers Europe working on characterization of recycled PE-LD pellets to enhance demand for recyclates

​Plastics Recyclers Europe working on characterization of recycled PE-LD pellets to enhance demand for recyclates

Plastic Recyclers Europe and VKC-CENTEXBEL have been collaborating on the elaboration characterisation of recycled PE-LD pellets, which provides a framework for the quality assessment of the pellets. The current work aims at enhancing demand for recycled plastics by providing standardized methods to evaluate quality based on EU standards.

Read More

Tags
C&D Recycling

Terex EvoQuip to demo new Colt 1000 scalping screen at Hillhead 2018

EvoQuip's versatile and mobile Colt 1000 has a compact footprint.

Terex EvoQuip is set to launch its latest innovation – the Colt 1000 scalping screen – at the 2018 Hillhead Exhibition, taking place from June 26 to 28 in the U.K. (stand L4). Building upon the success of the Colt 600 and Colt 800, the COLT 1000 is the largest screen in the portfolio and is capable of processing up to 360 tph (403us tph), depending on application. 

Read More

Tags
Plastics Recycling

Ettlinger's ECO melt filters make fines almost one hundred percent recyclable

The fines which are created when PET bottles (left) are recycled contain up to 1.5% solid, gel-like or cross-linked contaminants. By incorporating Ettlinger's ECO high performance melt filters into the extrusion process, these substances can be continuously and almost completely removed from the melt (right).

Shredded and washed flakes are created - along with fines as the second fraction - when non-returnable PET bottles are recycled. These fines occur in large quantities and are hence a significant and valuable part of the PET cycle. However, as an input material they are difficult to handle on account of the very high proportion of paper, aluminum or PVC. The continuously operating, high performance melt filters in the Ettlinger ECO series are capable of removing high quality PET, even from such critical fractions, for subsequent reuse in the manufacture of complex products like clear thermoform sheets or packaging tape.

Read More

Tags
Plastics Recycling
Electronics Recycling

Hasbro teams up with TerraCycle to give toys and games new life

Hasbro teams up with TerraCycle to give toys and games new life

Hasbro, Inc., the global play and entertainment company, recently launched a new toy and game recycling pilot program with TerraCycle, a global leader in product recycling. During the pilot program, consumers can collect and send their well-loved Hasbro toys and games to TerraCycle, who will recycle them into materials that can be used in the construction of play spaces, flower pots, park benches, and other innovative uses.

Read More

Tags
Paper Recycling
Plastics Recycling

​Machinex provides new single-stream MRF to York County, South Carolina

Machinex was recently awarded the bid to provide a new single-stream material recovery system (MRF) for York County, South Carolina. The facility is planned to begin operations this July. This new system will allow the County to process the growing tonnage of residential recycling materials being generated in the surrounding area. Material is coming from 16 collection and recycling centres located throughout the County and this new facility will processes all collected recyclables.

Read More

Tags
Industry News
Metals Recycling

​ISRI advocacy delivers for recyclers in latest tariff measures

​ISRI advocacy delivers for recyclers in latest tariff measures

As China and the United States continue to spar back and forth with new tariffs being imposed on key imports on goods from each country, the recycling industry has largely been spared. On Friday, the Trump Administration announced a final list of products from China that would be assessed a 25% import duty. Several equipment parts imported from China for use in recycling operations were included on a list of targets earlier this year, but removed after pressure from the Institute of Scrap Recycling Industries (ISRI).

Read More

​Visual Workplace introduces Floor-Mark high-performance floor marking tape for industrial workplace safety

Visual Workplace, Inc., has introduced Floor-Mark High Performance floor marking tape. Marking floors is an easy and efficient way to direct behavior, promote safety, and reinforce workplace standards, but industrial work environments create challenges for traditional tape and paint. Floor-Mark High Performance was designed to withstand tough conditions like high forklift traffic, hand trucks, and material handling.

Read More

Tags
ELV Recycling

Voith SafeSet coupling retrofit solution for City Scrap & Salvage

City Scrap & Salvage recently installed Voith Turbo’s SafeSet torque limiting coupling on their auto shredder driveline to prevent catastrophic failure and downtime.

City Scrap & Salvage, located in Akron, Ohio, has experience dealing with catastrophic failure of the driveline between the motor and rotor of an automotive shredder. The company says that when operating without torque overload protection, they had an unshreddable item enter their shredder, and with continued inertia cause serious damage and shredder shutdown.

Read More

Tags
C&D Recycling
Solid Waste

Calgary’s ECCO Recycling successfully integrates commercial single-stream processing into existing C&D MRF footprint

When Calgary-based ECCO Recycling decided to grow its business, it did so by taking on the processing of single stream materials - mixed plastics, paper, OCC, metals, and other materials - from both residential and commercial sources. What made that effort more challenging than most, however, was the decision to add their single-stream processing capability within their existing, high production C&D MRF footprint. 

Read More