Countries across the globe aim to end plastic pollution by 2040
The Governments of Rwanda and Norway have launched The High Ambition Coalition to End Plastic Pollution together with Canada, Peru, Germany, Senegal, Georgia, Republic of Korea, U.K., Switzerland, Portugal, Chile, Denmark, Finland, Sweden, Costa Rica, Iceland, Ecuador, France, and the Dominican Republic.
The High Ambition Coalition was first initiated following the historic UN Environment Assembly resolution 5/14 passed in March of 2022 to start negotiations of an international legally binding instrument to end plastic pollution.
The High Ambition Coalition to End Plastic Pollution will issue statements and undertake intercessional work on essential elements and issues to inform the negotiations in order to develop a landmark treaty by 2024.
"We took the initiative to form a group of ambitious countries to work for a truly effective global treaty that will establish common global rules, turn off the tap and end plastic pollution by 2040," says the Minister of Climate and Environment of Norway and co-chair of the coalition, Espen Barth-Eide.
Plastic pollution has reached unprecedented levels the world over and is projected to rise significantly in the next decades. According to the OECD's Global Plastic Outlook Policy Scenarios to 2060 report, without urgent global action, the volume of plastics in rivers and lakes will increase from 109 million tonnes in 2019 to 348 million tonnes in 2060 while plastics leaking into the ocean will rise from 30 million tonnes in 2019 to 145 million tonnes in 2060.
Plastic consumption is projected to skyrocket in the coming decades, from 460 million tonnes in 2019 to 1,231 million tonnes in 2060. The most significant sectors driving consumption are packaging, vehicles, and construction which will make up two-thirds of all use.
"Rwanda started the journey to end plastic pollution in 2004, unfortunately, plastic wastes are still visible in the country's downstream which proves the need for global efforts towards a common goal of ending plastic pollution because this is an unacceptable burden to place on future generations," says Minister of Environment of the Republic of Rwanda and co-chair of the coalition, Dr. Jeanne d'Arc Mujawamariya. "Plastic pollution constitutes a planetary crisis with impacts on human health, biodiversity and climate system."
Members of the High Ambition Coalition to End Plastic Pollution will meet in New York in a few weeks, during the UN General Assembly, to discuss the next steps in the coalition's work.
The first meeting of the Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee is set to commence on November 28 in Punta del Este, Uruguay.