Control Engineering is a publication for automation engineers who design, implement, maintain, and manage control/instrumentation systems, components, and equipment for a wide range of industries and manufacturers. The magazine's Engineering Leaders Under 40 Program recognizes professionals under the age of 40 who are making a significant contribution as control and plant engineering professionals.
New study finds introduction of deposit on non-alcoholic beverages in Ontario will increase recycling and save millions
A newly released report, Better Together: How a Deposit Return System will Complement Ontario's Blue Box Program and Enhance the Circular Economy, has found that a 15-cent returnable deposit on non-alcoholic beverage containers in the province would result in over 90% of non-alcoholic beverage containers being collected for recycling. The report was commissioned by circular economy not-for-profit Reloop, and authored by international environmental consultancy Eunomia Research & Consulting. According to the report, the deposit program would not only divert waste from landfill but also reduce beverage container-related litter by around 80%.
The report provides an analysis of an enhanced recycling system that would deliver on the ambition of Ontario's Resource Recovery and Circular Economy Act, passed in 2016, to shift the responsibility of recycling from taxpayers to producers. The proposed system for Ontario would work alongside the existing Blue Box program to increase recycling rates across the province.
The study estimates that introducing a deposit system for non-alcoholic beverage containers would cost $34 millionannually, resulting in a cost of less than a penny ($0.0091) per container returned. Overall, however, the system would generate savings of $12 million, provided that the DRS was combined with an optimized Blue Box program.
Operating an optimized Blue Box program alongside a convenient deposit program for non-alcoholic beverages would reduce the overall cost per tonne of material recycled from $314 to $269 and push up Ontario's packaging recycling rate to around 74% from just under 65% today.
A recent report from the Ministry of Environment, Conservation and Parks, Reducing Litter and Waste in our Communities (March 2019), included DRS as a potential solution to reducing the amount of waste being sent to landfill across the province. DRSs have been proven to reduce roadside litter, increase recycling and increase the supply of recycled material for use in future products. Ontario has been running a successful deposit program for alcoholic beverages through The Beer Store for decades. The proposed system for non-alcoholic beverage containers would supplement this system.
Recent developments internationally have seen a push for higher recycling rates, with the European Union setting the goal of 90% collection for recycling of plastic beverage containers under their new Single Use Plastics Directive. This commitment to addressing plastic pollution was echoed by the Canadian Prime Minister who announced on June 10, a commitment to addressing harmful single use plastics through introduction of bans and collection targets by 2021.
Clarissa Morawski, Managing Director of Reloop, said: "for over a decade Ontario's container packaging rates have stagnated with a collection rate below 60%, and under 50% when you consider losses which occur after collection. Clearly the existing system needs a boost and DRS is a proven solution, with many global examples of efficiency and highly popular with consumers. This is likely why many European countries which also have comprehensive household recycling are adding DRS to the mix of their resource collection strategies."
Sarah Edwards, head of Eunomia's New York office and one of the report authors, said: "the deposit program for non-alcoholic beverage containers has been designed to complement the current Blue Box and deposit program for alcoholic beverages. It is based on producers taking a lead on implementing a program that will be convenient for consumers and deliver high recycling rates at least cost."
Vito Buonsante, Plastics Program Manager of environmental not-for-profit Environmental Defence (www.environmentaldefence.ca) said:
"Deposit return programs work. Every year in Ontario more than 1.5 billion plastic bottles end up in landfills or the environment because we don't have an effective system in place for capturing them. This is unacceptable. This report clearly shows that the best and cheapest way to improve the province's lagging recycling rate is by introducing a deposit return program for plastic bottles. It's no coincidence that return rates on wine and liquor bottles increased by about 20 per cent after they were added to The Beer Store's deposit program. The same is achievable for plastic bottles."
Chelsea Rochman and Stephanie Borrelle from the Plastic Pollutions Emissions Working Group at the University of Toronto, said:
"Examples from around the world show that effectively run deposit refund schemes (DRS) increase recovery of plastic materials significantly. DRSs simultaneously keep plastics out of the environment and drive up the value of recovered plastic material, thus generating capital that can be used to fund collection and recycling infrastructure that is desperately needed to manage the volume of plastic waste that is generated every year. Ontario has a goal to reduce waste by 50% per person by 2040 - this equates to approximately 100kg of plastic waste - or 7500 plastic water bottles.
To help achieve Ontario's reduction goal, a suite of strategies are needed and DRS is an effective strategy to help keep millions of plastic bottles out of landfill, exported offshore (where the majority does not get recycled), and out of the environment. DRSs not only contribute to the recovery of plastic materials for recycling, but also generate important data that is needed to evaluate where plastic waste is being diverted, and if reductions are being achieved. For the Plastic Pollution Emissions Working Group, such data are crucial for our work, which aims to evaluate the effectiveness of mitigation strategies for reducing plastic pollution."
The report, 'Better Together: How a Deposit Return System will Complement Ontario's Blue Box Program and Enhance the Circular Economy', will be available to download for free on Reloop and Eunomia's websites on Thursday June 13, 2019.
- The proposed system is based on a 15-cent deposit for non-alcoholic beverage containers, which is expected to result in collection of over 90% of eligible containers.
- This report shows that adding a deposit return system (DRS) for non-alcoholic beverage containers to complement an optimized Blue Box program in Ontario, would recycle an additional 118,000 tonnes of materials every year, and save over $12 million overall.
- The DRS would cost $34 million annually, with each container returned costing less than a penny ($0.0091 per container returned and $0.0082 per container sold in Ontario) making it one of the most cost-efficient deposit return systems across Canada.
- Operating an optimized Blue Box program alongside a convenient deposit program for non-alcoholic beverages would reduce the overall cost per tonne of material recycled from $314 to $269 per tonne and push up Ontario'spackaging recycling rate to around 74%. This excludes material collected through Ontario's existing Deposit Return Program that already covers alcoholic beverages.
- Ontario is one of only two provinces without a deposit on non-alcoholic beverages
- The proposed system will provide over 2,800 return points making it one of the most convenient DRS of any program in Canada.
- Adding a deposit return system to complement Ontario's Blue Box recycling program would:
- Generate 1,500 more direct, indirect and induced jobs in Ontario
- Reduce CO2 GHG emissions by nearly 50,000 tonnes per year (equivalent to about 90,000 people taking a one-way flight from Toronto to Vancouver)
- Reduce beverage container litter by around 80%, contributing to addressing the 10,000 tonnes of plastic waste that pollutes the Great Lakes every year.
- The report includes a thorough proposal for a Deposit Return System that delivers on existing commitments from the Ontario government to shift the responsibility of recycling from taxpayers to producers (through the Resource Recovery and Circular Economy Act of 2016).
Eunomia's work on DRS
- Employment and Economic Impact of Container Deposits - New York (March 2019)
Eunomia modelled the economic and employment benefits of New York State's current Bottle Bill, as well as identifying the potential benefits of modernizing the system to include a wider range of beverage containers.
- Bottle Bill Expansion: The Numbers Behind Governor Cuomo's Bottle Bill Proposal (March 2019)
- A Deposit Refund System for the Czech Republic (January 2019) Eunomia was commissioned by INCIEN to design a DRS for disposable beverage containers across the country. The aim was to identify a workable system that would deliver the 90% recycling rate required by EU environmental legislation.
- Plastic Bottles: Turning Back the Plastic Tide (December 2017)
- Impacts of a Deposit Refund System on Local Authority Waste Services (October 2017)
Eunomia was commissioned in October 2017 to produce a report examining the financial impact a DRS would have on local authority waste services in England by Campaign to Protect Rural England and Keep Britain Tidy, among others. The report found that overall local authorities stand to save between £60,000-£500,000.
- Implementing a Beverage Container DRS for Catalonia (July 2017)
Eunomia also contributed to ENT Environment and Management's plan, commissioned by the Catalan Waste Industry, for a Catalonian deposit scheme, which found that a DRS would increase recycling of beverage containers to just under 95%.
- A Scottish Deposit Refund System (May 2015)
Eunomia produced a report for Zero Waste Scotland on the feasibility of implementing a nation-wide Scottish scheme. Using Eunomia's bespoke DRS model, our consultants concluded that the monetary value of environmental benefits greatly outweighed the financial costs.
More from Industry News
Recycling continues to power the American economy based on a new study conducted by John Dunham and Associates and released by the Institute of Scrap Recycling Industries (ISRI). In addition to its positive environmental benefits, the recycling industry is responsible for more than 531,500 jobs and an overall economic impact of nearly $110 billion.
Petro-Canada Lubricants, a HollyFrontier business, has expanded its TRAXON and DURON product lines with the launches of DURON Advanced 5W-30 and TRAXON Synthetic 75W-85. The introduction of the new oils demonstrate continued product innovation from Petro-Canada Lubricants to help fleets meet new and emerging market trends.
Today Peterbilt Motors Company announced the appointment of Kate Rahn as the head of Sales and Marketing for Canada.
The Canadian operations of GEEP Canada and The Shift Group of Companies (consisting of Shift Recycling and Revolution) have merged to form Canada's most vertically integrated electronics recycler and ITAD services provider.
Stellex Capital Management, a middle market private equity firm, has announced that it has entered into an agreement to sell Morbark, LLC, the manufacturer of high-performance equipment and after-market parts for the forestry, recycling, tree care, sawmill, land clearing and biomass markets, to Alamo Group for $352 million. The sale includes all assets and operations of Morbark and its affiliate brands.
Czech recycling company OZO Ostrava s.r.o., recently commissioned a new line for processing pre-pressed plastic bales. At the heart of the line is a SENNEBOGEN 818 M powered by an eGreen electric drive.
The Government of Canada says it is dedicated to protecting Canada's land and waterways from plastic waste and marine litter. According to a recent press release, there are currently few options for recycling and disposing of boats made of fibreglass. As a result, most of these boats end up in a landfill, or worse, abandoned on land or in the water.
An important new report issued by the Solid Waste Association of North America's (SWANA) Applied Research Foundation (ARF) provides a number of significant observations and insights regarding the impacts of China's National Sword Policy on curbside recycling programs in the United States and Canada, and the resets that can be made to address them.
The Recycling Partnership has announced the public beta launch of DIYSigns, the debut of a free online resource that anyone can use to help people know what to throw into their recycling bins. Whether at home, at the office, at school, at a sports stadium, or anywhere, education is needed to show what is recyclable and where.
After the success of last year's inaugural event in Canada, the Environmental Research & Education Foundation of Canada (EREF-CA) is excited to once again hold its Silent Auction, October 9 and 10, at the Canadian Waste & Recycling Expo (CWRE) in Toronto, Ontario. Proceeds from this event, which is being held in partnership with the Ontario Waste Management Association (OWMA), support solid waste research needs in Canada.
Croatia's 6th of September deposit of ratification of the 1995 Basel Ban Amendment has allowed this global waste dumping prohibition to finally enter into the force of international law. The Ban Amendment, adopted by the parties to the Basel Convention in 1995, prohibits, the export of hazardous wastes from member states of the European Union, Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), and Liechtenstein to all other countries.
A recent agreement with SENNEBOGEN LLC has concluded James River Equipment's two-year search to expand its range of OEM lines with the right complementary machines for its customers in the Virginia region.
United Metal Recyclers of California warn that proposed actions will destroy State’s metal recycling program
According to the United Metal Recyclers of California (UMRC), a newly proposed agency action targeting metal shredders and recyclers would eliminate California's thriving scrap metal operations and force tons of metal into state landfills.
The Canadian Plastics Industry Association (CPIA) has released a report that illustrates the resilience of the Canadian recycling infrastructure in weathering the significant market challenges that have affected the industry over the past two years.
Walmart and TerraCycle are joining forces to launch the nation's largest car seat recycling event in nearly 4,000 Walmart stores across the country.
Micron Waste Technologies Inc., a leading developer of waste treatment systems for cannabis and food waste, has announced that it has received a Health Canada Cannabis Research License to develop its aerobic waste digester technology for the treatment of cannabis waste. The license, effective for five years commencing August 23, 2019, will be used to further develop the world's first waste treatment system that alters and denatures cannabis waste while recovering reusable water. The Company's R&D team, led by Chief Technology Officer and Founder Dr. Bob Bhushan, will employ the new license to accelerate and expand the cannabis waste and wastewater programs, both through its industry-leading Cannavore waste processing system and through its developing facility wastewater management program at the Micron Waste Innovation Centre in Delta, BC.
ArcelorMittal Long Products Canada announced that it is acquiring the assets of Legault Métal Inc., a metals recycling company with facilities in Trécesson, Val d'Or, Rouyn-Noranda and La Sarre, in Abitibi-Témiscamingue (Quebec, Canada). These sites, which will now operate under the name Legault Métal, a division of ArcelorMittal, will continue to deliver its services to scrap dealers and individuals.
In apparent retaliation to the U.S. Administration's recent announcement of tariffs on Chinese products to begin in September and December, the Chinese government announced last week its intent to levy additional tariffs on $75 billion worth of goods from the United States. These tariffs add on to those already in place from announcements in 2018.
London-based Marketing Strategies & Solutions (MSS) has been recognized (for the third time) for excellence in graphic communications by the international Summit Creative Awards.
The Alliance to End Plastic Waste has announced that Jacob Duer will serve as the inaugural President and CEO of the newly formed not-for-profit, effective October 1. Duer joins the AEPW from the United Nations, where he most recently served as a Program Director for the UN Environment Programme.
Governments at all levels, industry, environmental groups, and taxpayers across Ontario have long agreed that the residential recycling framework that has been in place since 2002 requires an overhaul to improve the province's stagnant diversion rate.
DEX Heavy Duty Parts LLC, a Volvo Group subsidiary and leading supplier of recycled, renovated and surplus medium- and heavy-duty truck parts, has celebrated the grand opening of its new facility in Oklahoma City. The facility joins DEX's current facility in Advance, North Carolina to better serve owners of second- and third-generation trucks with recycled and renovated parts.
The Heico Companies, L.L.C. ("Heico") has announced that it has completed the acquisition of a majority interest in Shred-Tech Corporation, a market leader in the design and manufacture of mobile and stationary shredding equipment for the document destruction and recycling industries. Based in Cambridge, ON, Shred-Tech also has operations in the U.S., U.K. and Thailand. Heico has partnered in the acquisition with Rob Glass, Shred-Tech's President and CEO, who will continue to lead the Company.
Halfway through 2019, and with one of the busiest periods of grain bag recycling still ahead, Saskatchewan farmers have already recycled 25% more grain bags in 2019 than they did in all of 2018, recycling program operator Cleanfarms announced today.
Plastics industry applauds Ontario government move to producer responsibility for packaging, paper and plastics
The Canadian Plastics Industry Association (CPIA) and its members applaud today's announcement by the Honourable Jeff Yurek, Ontario's Minister of Environment, Conservation and Parks, directing the transition of Ontario's Blue Box residential recycling program to a producer responsibility model by 2025. Today, the Blue Box program is funded equally by municipalities and industry. Once the transition is complete, industry will manage 100% of the costs of the Blue Box system alleviating this burden from municipal taxpayers.
While headlines over the past few years might lead some to believe otherwise, the reality is that Americans say they are still recycling at the same rate, despite having little confidence that their recyclables actually get recycled. A national poll conducted by Mason-Dixon on behalf of the U.S. based Carton Council showed that 85% of respondents report they recycle.
Ontario is taking action to improve recycling across the province and address the serious problem of plastic pollution and litter, as committed to in the province's Made-in-Ontario Environment Plan.
The Solid Waste Association of North America (SWANA) has identified at least 30 solid waste worker fatalities in 2019 in the United States and Canada. These tragic deaths make it clear that more work remains to be done to improve industry safety and is why SWANA is supporting National Safe + Sound Week,August 12-18, 2019.
The US is the sole member of the Organization of Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) -- the group of 36 developed nations, that has chosen to object to the adoption of recently agreed Basel Convention trade controls to ensure that plastic wastes that are dirty and mixed and thus difficult to recycle can only be exported with the prior permission of the importing country.
On August 3rd, 2019, Bunting Magnetics Co. celebrated its 60th anniversary as a company. Since being founded in 1959, Bunting Magnetics Co. has grown from a small company in Chicago, Illinois, to a growing global force with multiple locations in the United States, Canada and abroad.
Astec Industries, Inc. has appointed Barry Ruffalo as its President and Chief Executive Officer to be effective on August 12, 2019. Ruffalo has also been elected to the Board of Directors. Ruffalo will join the Board of Directors as a Class I director and will stand for re-election at the Company's 2020 annual meeting. On the effective date of Ruffalo's appointment, Richard Dorris, Interim Chief Executive Officer, will resume his role as Chief Operating Officer.
merQbiz, a solutions and analytics provider for buyers and sellers in the recovered paper (RCP) industry, introduces BaleVision, providing companies actionable insights into their RCP quality. Combining a leading quality assessment tool with comprehensive data, BaleVision helps RCP buyers maximize supplier performance and sellers earn a fair price for their product.
Superior Industries, Inc., the U.S. based manufacturer and global supplier of bulk material processing and handling systems, has announced a new partnership with Canada's largest distributor of conveyor belting, components and other bulk material handling solutions. Belterra, a 50-year-old distributor with 19 locations throughout the country, will stock, sell and service Superior's conveyor idlers, pulleys, scrapers and accessories in Quebec.
GFL Environmental Inc. ("GFL") announced today that it has acquired the Vancouver Island solid waste operations of Evergreen Industries Ltd., part of the Alpine Group.
Waste Connections, Inc. has announced that Elise L. Jordan has been appointed to its Board of Directors.
Recycle BC is sounding the alarm over the rising number of explosive and hazardous materials British Columbia residents are placing in the province's residential packaging and paper recycling. BC's major recycling collectors and processors have seen seven fires in 2019, with several of them having endangered lives and forced the temporary closure of facilities.