Tags
Tire Recycling

The state of Tire Recycling in Ontario: Q&A with Andrew Horsman

WITH ONTARIO TIRE STEWARDSHIP'S PENDING DISSOLUTION, WHAT WILL HAPPEN TO END-OF-LIFE TIRES IN THE PROVINCE?

Into the shredder: the 25-millionth tire to be recycled at Emterra Tire Recycling, Ontario, an OTS program participant and member of the Canadian Association of Tire Recycling Agencies.
Into the shredder: the 25-millionth tire to be recycled at Emterra Tire Recycling, Ontario, an OTS program participant and member of the Canadian Association of Tire Recycling Agencies.

Earlier this year, it was announced that Ontario Tire Stewardship's Used Tires Program had reached a significant milestone: the recycling of its 100 millionth tire since the program began in 2009. Alberta is the only other Canadian province to achieve this milestone. 

Before the implementation of the Ontario program, many of the province's tires ended up in landfills or accumulated in tire piles. Because of Ontario Tire Stewardship's (OTS) Used Tires Program (UTP), 100 percent of scrap tires generated in Ontario are currently recycled into high value, sustainable products - and importantly, no tires are burned, disposed of in landfills or illegally dumped.

OTS has also established a tire recycling network of over 700 stewards, 7,000 collectors, almost 100 haulers, and a group of 30 processors and recycled product manufacturers with the goal of building a sustainable future for Ontario and supporting the circular economy. Used tires in the province are now being redesigned into eco-friendly products including patio tiles, rubber landscaping mulch, gym flooring, playground surfacing, floor underlay and more. OTS has also invested more than $100 million into the Ontario economy through research and development, and into new markets that have led to the creation of hundreds of jobs. Additionally, through the OTS Community Renewal Fund (CRF) grant program, a total of 60 projects have been awarded over $1 million in funding for new and need-to-be-renewed public spaces, like playgrounds and fitness tracks.

Despite all of their success, OTS will cease to operate as of the end of 2018.

In November 2016, the Government of Ontario passed the Waste Free Ontario Act (WFOA, Bill 151) which began the process of revising the waste diversion policy framework in Ontario by repealing the Waste Diversion Act and setting the stage to transition existing stewardship plans to an Individual Producer Responsibility (IPR) model under the Resource Recovery and Circular Economy Act (RRCEA).

On February 17, 2017, the Ontario Minister of the Environment and Climate Change (MoECC) issued direction to OTS to develop a wind-up plan for the Used Tires Program. This plan is to be submitted to the Resource Productivity and Recovery Authority (RPRA) by October 31 this year, with the UTP to be fully wound-up on December 31, 2018. In consultation with various stakeholders, including an industry consultation session at the recent Tire and Rubber Recycling Association summit in June, OTS is now working on developing the wind-up plan as directed by the MoECC.

We talked to Andrew Horsman, OTS executive director, about the organization's successes and mandate for the UTP wind-up and closure, and about what it means for tire recycling in Ontario.

RPN: Tell us more about your milestone of 100 million tires recycled in Ontario.
Andrew Horsman (AH): It really is a testament to our commitment to making sure we maintain used tire diversion rates at the current high level, and that consumers are buying into the notion that there is a life for scrap tires, and that they are an important part of the solution. 

 Back when we launched this program in 2009, consumers' interests were really about ‘How do I get rid of my scrap tires? What is OTS going to do about the tire piles? And how are you going to eliminate new illegal dumping?' And so, we focused on those issues very early. More and more, what we saw through our engagement with consumers, either through social media or industry events, is that they are interested in what happens to the scrap tire. Where does it go? How does it get recycled? And what is my opportunity to participate as a consumer of those products? 

And so while the hundred million is an impressive number, I think the story that is even more interesting is really about the growth of a domestic manufacturing industry that is using recycled tire material to make high-value, sustainable, high-performing products that consumers are interested in.

RPN: What can you tell us about OTS' success in end market development for recycled tires?
AH: In the early days, it was about building capacity, but for some time now it has been about developing markets that have the capacity and wherewithal to stand on their own. 
Our focus at OTS has always been on developing markets that are beyond the commodity stage. When we launched our program, we had a number of goals. Our first goal was to make sure all of Ontario's tires were getting recycled; none of them were being sent for tire-derived fuel or alternative daily cover and landfill. We did that fairly quickly by setting up service contracts with both in-province and out-of-province recycling suppliers. 

Our next goal was to really start moving tire recycling in Ontario up the value chains. That started with us working with the Ontario industry to develop enough capacity to manage all of Ontario's tires, which meant we had to double capacity, more or less, in the province. We hit that milestone in 2012, when capacity was enough to manage all of Ontario's scrap tires. 

Our focus since then has really been on building markets domestically for recycled rubber, and that takes a number of forms. We work with Ontario-based manufacturers - companies that take recycled rubber and either mould it or blend it with plastics or other rubbers to make finished goods in the province - and have supported further innovation for the use of scrap tires through our research and development grant program. 

We're focused right now on trying to develop the rubber-modified asphalt market in Ontario. And we've also got a number of programs, such as our Retailer Rebate Program where we work with retailers, and others, in trying to incentivize consumer behaviour, to encourage Ontario's consumers to buy Ontario-made recycled rubber products. 
As well, through the OTS grant program known as the Community Renewal Fund, 60 community projects across the province have been awarded funding for new and need-to-be-renewed public spaces, like playgrounds and fitness tracks, further encouraging environmentally friendly building while boosting the Ontario economy.

All of those initiatives are about trying to maximize the value of recycled material to create a self-sustaining industry. We have also worked to develop the wherewithal within the recycling industry in Ontario to be able to supply those markets, which means building capacity. That means improving the tire recycler's efficiency and supporting them to be able to invest in their own operations, to make better, more consistent product, and on a more consistent basis. Because that is what those markets demand. It's also about creating manufacturing industry consumers as well. 

 Our mandate has always been very Ontario-centric. We've tried to create solutions in the province to manage recycled tire material, but the reality is that recycled tires is a North American market, not only for commodity material, but also for manufactured goods. So when we have a manufacturer that makes outdoor living products, whether it's flooring or planting pots, for example, their customers are all over the continent. You want diversified markets, but we also want to benefit in the province by using recycled rubber product wherever possible. 
 
RPN: How will Bill 151 (the Waste-Free Ontario Act) affect the tire recycling industry in Ontario?
AH:
The legislation that's been passed - the Waste-Free Ontario Act, Bill 151 - will fundamentally change how tire, as well as paint and electronics, packaging and printed materials stewardship works in the province of Ontario. Under the old legislation - the Waste Diversion Act - it led to the creation of one entity, OTS, to manage diversion services for the province. 

In today's system, OTS is the entity responsible for diverting tires, managing tire recycling for all of the tire producers and other suppliers of tires and delivering these programs in a centralized fashion. We are the ones who are accountable to the Minister and our oversight body. 

The new legislation will fundamentally change that, so the obligation to divert material will not rest with one entity, like we are today. It will accrue to the individual companies supplying the manufactured products [the source of tire waste]. In the new legislation, individual companies such as Bridgestone, Michelin, Ford, Toyota, Canadian Tire, etc., will be the ones who are legally responsible for achieving diversion. How they choose to do that, whether on their own or by joining some sort of collective group, will be up to them. 

And so the consequence of Bill 151 for OTS is that as of December 31, 2018, our used tire program as we currently deliver it will cease to operate. Tire manufacturers will take over the responsibility as of January 1, 2019. It means OTS will cease to exist. Sometime in 2019, when we finish our remaining work, Ontario Tire Stewardship, as a corporation, will be wound up. 

 This last legislative review and change is basically the government's third attempt at reworking waste diversion on Ontario. It's not entirely surprising to us that it went this way. They're certainly charting new territory. No other jurisdiction in Canada is pursuing this kind of legislative approach. To my knowledge, no other jurisdiction in the world has done what they're doing here: where they've built one system, and then they're going to tear that down and mandate the building of a new system. 

This change is creating uncertainty in the market. The finalization of the Regulation, followed by the producers beginning to develop their approaches to diverting tires, will eventually reduce this; however, at present, in the absence of these important elements there is a disruptive impact. Our job at OTS is to work to ensure stability and continue our high diversion rates from now until the end of 2018.

RPN: What will happen with end-of-life tires once the OTS wind-up is complete?
AH:
My personal view is that of course tire diversion will continue to happen in Ontario. There will probably be two or three smaller versions of OTS out there, as well as some individual companies who might decide that they can do it on their own. They will contract directly with recyclers to ensure that tires get recycled in accordance with their legal obligation. 

My concern is that there's a lot of uncertainty in terms of how this transition is going to happen. As we talk to our stakeholders, as we're developing our wind-up plan, the number one concern we hear is: ‘How is this going to work once OTS is gone?' 

How will some of our larger, more strategic market development initiatives - like rubber-modified asphalt, consumer rebates, and our research and development branch - be delivered in an environment where you have multiple, competing programs? That's not clear. It's also not clear what the obligations will be around this. Because the government hasn't yet written the new regulations. But that will come, and they are starting to consult on it.

From the government's perspective, they are not trying to lay out a prescriptive path. They are trying to give choice to the Michelins, the Goodyears, the Toyotas and other tire producers. At a high level, that's not a bad thing. Giving them choice in terms of how they meet their obligations is a tough thing to argue against. I think they should have a choice. 

I think the concern from OTS's perspective is that we've been a highly successful program with essentially 100 percent diversion. We've doubled recycling capacity, tripled manufacturing capacity, focused on developing domestic markets, and all through that we've also reduced our costs significantly. Our fee on passenger and light truck tires is the second lowest in the country, and over 40 percent reduction over the last four years. We've reduced our fees on other categories like commercial truck and off-road tires by almost 6 percent over the last couple of years. And so, I think it's fair to ask the question: ‘What problem are they trying to fix here?' 

I think the government's view is that if the producers, the tire producers, tire stewards, decide that they want to create one company on the other side to which they'll all subscribe, that option is not precluded to them. I think what they may have underestimated, although they're getting more immersed in it now, is the degree to which going from OTS to that new framework might create uncertainty and disruption in the market. 

But, that is the nature of this beast. Any time you're going to alter framework legislation, there's going to be change that's required. Our goal and the tire stewards' goal will be to make sure all the best things about the current used tire program are preserved and perpetuated going forward. RPN

This article was originally published in Recycling Product News, September 2017, Volume 25, Number 6.

Tires waiting to be shredded at OTS recycled product manufacturer Moose Creek Tire Recycling.
Tires waiting to be shredded at OTS recycled product manufacturer Moose Creek Tire Recycling.

Company Info

Latest News

Tags
Wood Recycling

​Kreider Mulch leans heavily on Doppstadt machines for organics processing efficiency

Kreider Mulch is the proud owner of the first SM 720SA trommel manufactured by Germany-based Doppstadt , along with multiple AK model horizontal grinders, and most recently, a DW 3060 slow-speed shredder.

Randy Kreider grew up in Lancaster, a quaint small town in rural eastern Pennsylvania. Unless you're inside the urban boundaries of Philadelphia, most of this half of the state is economically driven by agriculture and other natural products. As the owner of Kreider Mulch, Randy has been able to capitalize on those opportunities, turning this once-small bark mulch lot into a successful business that produces more than 150,000 yards annually. He recently built a robust topsoil operation to complement the mulch products.

Read More

Sponsored Content

"Rolling Out the Recycling Red Carpet – 2018 RCA Conference"

"The Recycling Council of Alberta (RCA) 2018 Waste Reduction Conference "Rolling Out the Recycling Red Carpet" will be held September 19-21, 2018 at The Banff Centre for Arts and Creativity in Banff, Alberta. This conference offers an exciting and progressive array of current topics and high quality speakers, including keynote speaker Glen Murray, Executive Director of the Pembina Institute and former Environment Minister in Ontario, where he championed Extended Producer Responsibility and the Circular Economy. Sessions cover topics ranging from legal issues to international programs and an EPR bearpit. An interesting choice of tours helps to round out a very comprehensive waste reduction learning experience in one of the world's most beautiful and inspiring locations. Join your waste reduction peers in Banff at this premier waste reduction event. Program updates, registration information, and other details are now available on the conference web site. Be sure to come back to this site often - the program will continue to be updated as speakers, sessions, and other feature events are confirmed."

Learn More about the 2018 RCA Waste Reduction Conference

Tags
C&D Recycling

​A-1 Sandrock paves the way with recycled asphalt shingles and Terex equipment

A-1 Sandrock added two CBI 5800BT grinders in 2017 to help process asphalt shingles as well as wood waste.

With 12 million tons of tear-off roofing material being generated each year in the United States, and increased regulations, the industry demands efficient recyclers. Efficiency is second nature to A-1 Sandrock. The company has rose to the challenge over the last few years, growing their shingle disposal program into a massive operation that's convenient for roofers, communities, North Carolina, and the surrounding states.

Read More

Tags
Industry News
Metals Recycling

ISRI’s Annual Commodities Roundtable to focus on domestic consumption with an eye on global markets

ISRI’s Annual Commodities Roundtable to focus on domestic consumption with an eye on global markets

The Institute of Scrap Recycling Industries, Inc. (ISRI), the Voice of the Recycling Industry, is hosting its annual Commodities Roundtable Forum, September 5 to 7, 2018, in Chicago. This event attracts brokers, traders, buyers, and sellers of scrap materials for up-to-date discussions on commodities markets and the state of global and domestic trade.

Read More

Tags
Fleets & Technology
Solid Waste

NEW WAY and Recology partner on project to put first electric-powered waste collection trucks on the road in Seattle

New Way Trucks and Recology have announced a continued partnership that is working on a project that will bring  the first two electric refuse collection trucks to Seattle, Washington. The BYD Motors 8R Class-8 battery-electric trucks, fitted with New Way Viper Rear Loader bodies, are scheduled for delivery to Recology in early 2019. The two trucks will be used for residential solid waste pick up and will be the first electric refuse trucks in the Pacific Northwest region, according to New Way. 

Read More

Tags
Metals Recycling
Tire Recycling

​Puritan rotating drum magnets designed for continuous self-cleaning and high productivity in recycling

​Puritan rotating drum magnets designed for continuous self-cleaning and high productivity in recycling

Rotating Drum Magnets from Michigan-based Puritan Magnetics, Inc. are designed for continuous self-cleaning of ferrous materials from product flow streams. As product enters the housing inlet, an adjustable feed gate meters the flow of product to the drum face. The drum has a stationary internal magnet with an outer drum that rotates. 

Read More

Tags
Metals Recycling

WENDT announces exclusive strategic partnership with MOROS Industrias Hidraulicas SA

WENDT announces exclusive strategic partnership with MOROS Industrias Hidraulicas SA

WENDT CORPORATION, a leading manufacturer and systems integrator of automobile shredding and non-ferrous separation equipment, today announced that it has entered into a strategic partnership with MOROS Industrias Hidraulicas SA, a Spanish manufacturer of high-quality and robust machinery for the ferrous and non-ferrous scrap metal recycling industry. The exclusive partnership will allow the Zargoza, Spain-based MOROS to offer their shears and balers to the North American marketplace, through the WENDT sales and service platform. The agreement will extend to the United States, Canada and Mexico.

Read More

Tags
Metals Recycling

​Eriez RevX-E ECS with quick change belt helps Andersen's Sales & Salvage produce quality twitch package

Andersen's Sales & Salvage in Greeley, Colorado, takes the quality of its shredded nonferrous metals products seriously — to the extent that it developed its own patented IQASR system to create premium zorba and zurik grades. IQASR technology uses horizontal airflow to separate heavy fraction ASR from the light fraction.

Read More

Tags
Metals Recycling

New 855 E expands Sennebogen product line

SENNEBOGEN has introduced the new 855 E model to its line-up of material handlers, which the company says completes the largest product line of purpose-built material handlers worldwide. With an operating weight of approx. 160,000 lb. (72.5 tons) the new 855 features reach packages from 59 to 68 feet (18 to 21 meters), a powerful 305 HP (227 kW) Cummins Tier 4f diesel engine as well as SENNEBOGEN's "Green Hybrid" technology. The new 855 E as well as all other models are available as rubber tired, crawler and stationary versions and can be equipped with diesel engines or electric motors, applicable for a range of applications, including port and recycling.

Read More

Tags
Paper Recycling
Plastics Recycling

​Paperboard to replace plastic for Swedish card manufacturer and others, including products from IKEA and Apple

Gift cards using paperboard rather than plastic materials can drastically reduce  environmental impact of the product, according to Iggesund Paperboard.

According to a press release from Iggesund Paperboard, part of the Swedish forest industry group Holmen,  a number of global companies have replaced, or are doing trials to replace, the material in their gift cards - from plastic to paperboard. Sweden's largest cinema chain, SF Bio, has taken the plunge and is now replacing all its cards.

Read More

Tags
C&D Recycling
Metals Recycling
Solid Waste

New orange-peel grapples from Cat designed for a range of applications

The new Cat GSH420 and GSH520 orange-peel grapples can be used for moving waste, rocks, scrap and more.

The new Cat GSH420 and GSH520 orange-peel grapples, replacing the GSH15B Series grapples, are designed for a wide range of applications, including handling shredded scrap, such as long structural beams and car bodies; handling rocks at construction sites; and waste at recycling and transfer stations. The performance and efficiency of the new Cat grapples help waste-handling operations, in particular, meet the challenges of increased environmental regulation, growing pressure to recycle a mix of materials, and stringent budgets.

Read More

Tags
Metals Recycling

New Cat mobile shears designed for scrap and demolition applications

The new Cat mobile shears are designed for use in scrap and recycling operations.

The new Cat S2000/S3000 Series mobile shears, designed for hydraulic excavators working in scrap and demolition applications, feature optimum force-to-weight ratios that yield faster cycle times and more cuts per hour, compared with predecessor models. Manufactured from alloy steel that has both superior yield- and tensile-strength properties, as well as substantially greater hardness ratings than T1-type steel, the new S2000/S3000 Series shears are engineered for long, productive service.

Read More

Tags
Industry News
Metals Recycling

U.S. recycling industry united on goal of addressing key industry issues

U.S. recycling industry united on goal of addressing key industry issues

In May, a group of organizations representing various segments of the recycling industry met to discuss ways to better collaborate to advance the industry as a whole. The initial meeting, which took place in Washington, DC, at the headquarters of the Institute of Scrap Recycling Industries, was an open discussion aimed at identifying ways throughout the recycling stream to improve quality, increase demand for material, and promote products made with recycled content.

Read More